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Tribal schemes’ fund not earmarked; guidelines arrived late

Why 12 Union ministries kept the funds for tribal welfare schemes in their budget for 2019-20 below the level stipulated by the Niti Aayog

Editorials

In India

New Delhi: Seven central ministries and departments have not earmarked funds for tribal welfare schemes in their budget for 2019-20 and 12 have “kept the provision below the level stipulated by the Niti Aayog“, officials said on Wednesday. However, another official clarified that the guidelines for the Budget were finalised in January 2019, which means complete adherence cannot be ensured this financial year.

In 2017, the Niti Aayog developed new guidelines obligating 41 central ministries and departments to earmark funds for “Development Action Plan for Scheduled Tribes” (DAPST), earlier known as Tribal Sub-Plan.

“Since the ministries decide their allocations for various schemes by November-December and the guidelines were finalised in January, any corrective action is possible next year only,” the official said.

The guidelines state that the 41 identified ministries and departments have to earmark at least 4.3% funds for DAPST.

In January, the Department of Economic Affairs wrote to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, saying 7 ministries/departments have not earmarked funds for DAPST and 12 have “kept the provision below the level stipulated by Niti Aayog”, according to the official.

It had asked the 19 “deviating” ministries and departments to take “corrective action”.

Union govt schemes for tribal people

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements special area programmes, central sector or centrally sponsored schemes for the socio-economic and educational development of Scheduled Tribes in the country.

A list of schemes implemented by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs is given below. These schemes cover the tribal areas on pan India basis.

S.No. Name of the scheme
1. Special Central Assistance to Tribal Sub Plan (SCA to TSP)
2. Grant under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India
3. Grants-in-Aid to State Tribal Development Corporative Corporations (STDCCs) etc. for Minor Forest Produce (MFP) Operations
4. Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Development of Value Chain for MFP
5. Grant-in-Aid to Voluntary Organisation working for the Welfare of Scheduled Tribes
6. Coaching for Scheduled Tribes
7. Strengthening Education among Scheduled Tribe Girls in Low Literacy Districts
8. Vocational Training in Tribal Areas (NGO component)
9. Girls/Boys Hostels for STs
10. Establishment of Ashram Schools for STs in TSP Area
11. Post Matric Scholarship for ST students
12. Upgradation of Merit
13. Pre-Matric Scholarship for needy ST students studying in Classes IX & X
14. Vocational Training in Tribal Areas
15. Top Class Education for STs
16. National Overseas Scholarship for ST students
17. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship
18. Development of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PTGs)
19. Research information & Mass Education, Tribal Festival and Others

 

 

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