Monday 23 May 2022
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Television debates on judicial matters interference in administration of justice: SC

Matters relating to crime and whether a particular thing happens to be conclusive evidence must be not be dealt with by a court of law alone, the Supreme Court ruled

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The Supreme Court has observed that a court of law alone can determine all matters related to an act of crime, including whether something constitutes a “conclusive piece of evidence”, and that a television channel at the stage of a trial only vitiates the justice delivery process.

A bench of Justices UU Lalit and PS Narasimha said, “All matters relating to the crime and whether a particular thing happens to be a conclusive piece of evidence must be dealt with by a court of law and not through a television channel. If at all, there was a voluntary statement, the matter would be dealt with by the court of law.”

“The public platform is not a place for such debate or proof of what otherwise is the exclusive domain and function of courts of law. Any such debate or discussion touching upon matters which are in the domain of courts would amount to direct interference in the administration of criminal justice,” it said while hearing an appeal challenging the Karnataka High Court judgment commuting the death sentence awarded by the trial court to life imprisonment.

The petitioners were accused of committing dacoity and murder.

Noting that voluntary statements of the accused were recorded on a DVD, and the trial court, which awarded the death penalty to the accused, relied on it, the top court said that it had repeatedly found a tendency on part of the prosecuting agency in getting the entire statement recorded rather than only that part of the statement that leads to the discovery of facts.

“In the process, a confession of an accused which is otherwise hit by the principles of Evidence Act finds its place on record. Such kinds of statements may have a direct tendency to influence and prejudice the mind of the court. This practice must immediately be stopped. In the present case, the trial court not only extracted the entire statements but also relied upon them,” it held.

The bench said if at all the accused were desirous of making confessions, the investigating machinery could have facilitated the recording of confessions by producing them before a magistrate for appropriate action in terms of Section 164 of the code.

“What has further aggravated the situation is the fact that said statements on DVD recorded by the Investigating Agency were played and published in a program named ‘Putta Mutta’ by Udaya TV.”

The bench said allowing the DVD to go into the hands of a private television channel so that it could be played and published in a programme was nothing but a dereliction of duty and direct interference in the administration of justice.

The Supreme Court noted further that the prosecution had relied on a chart, which was taken to be proof of the activities of a gang to which the appellants allegedly belonged. “A mere chart cannot be taken as proof of the involvement of the accused in other crimes either at the stage of or sentence,” the bench said.

Acquitting the accused, the top court said: “The prosecution has not been able to discharge the burden to such an extent that the presumption of innocence weighing in favour of the accused stands displaced… We, therefore, grant benefit of the doubt to the appellants and acquit them of the charges levelled against them.”

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