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India

Navy mobilisation to check China that now faces Japan on its eastern front

The Indian Navy has increased the number of ships to check Chinese movements in the Indian Ocean. Besides the surveillance mission, the navy and the Japanese Navy conducted a joint exercise in the ocean amidst the escalation in eastern Ladakh with China.

The Japanese Navy reported that JS Kashima and JS Shimayuki of the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force conducted manoeuvres with INS Rana and INS Kulish of the Indian Navy.

The manoeuvres between India and Japan yesterday and today are clearly meant to be a message to China about the kind of force it could confront if it wishes to escalate the situation along the Line of Actual Control (LoAC) in Ladakh. Chinese naval ships and submarines have been frequent in the Indian Ocean for some time.

The Indo-Japanese joint naval exercise coincided with the incident of a Japanese military aircraft intercepting Chinese H-6K strategic bomber flying through international airspace between the Japanese islands of Okinawa and Miyako in the East China Sea on 28 June.

Japan‘s Defence Minister Taro Kono in a statement expressed concern not only at China’s defence capabilities but also its intentions in the Indo-Pacific region. For the first time, Japan reacted to China’s aggression in parts of Asia in the last few months.

The Indian Navy and its Japanese counterpart performed the joint exercises following the statement of the Japanese defence minister.

To counter China’s repeated efforts to expand military influence in the resource-rich Indo-Pacific region, the navies from the US, India, Australia, Japan and France have been increasing their mutual cooperation.

In the wake of aggressive posturing by the Chinese Navy in the South China Sea and Indo-Pacific region and the border standoff between India and China in Ladakh, these exercises have gained major significance.

Tension has been growing meanwhile between India and China in Ladakh even as the latter has been keeping an eye on the important island of East China Sea for a long time. Japan is determined to capture it.

Both China and Japan have been asserting their claims on the islands known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaos in China. Tensions over the rocky chain 1,900 km southwest of Tokyo have simmered for years. The claims of the two sides over the chain date back hundreds of years.

Senkaku Islands: Navy mobilisation to check China that now faces Japan on its eastern front

Both Japan and China consider this territory their national birthright.

“An unexpected flare-up in the Senkaku/Diaoyus could trigger a military confrontation between China and the United States. That’s because the United States has a mutual defence treaty with Japan. If Japanese territory is attacked by a foreign power, the United States is obligated to defend it,” reported CNN.

Before the incident above, a Japanese “destroyer” (helicopter-carrier Kaga) along with a P-1 patrol plane had detected a Chinese submarine within 24 miles of the Amami-Oshima island near Okinawa in southern Japan on 18 June. For two days, Kaga and patrol planes tailed the submarine until the Chinese fled the Japanese waters.

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India

Army, Navy, IAF given free hand to combat China

The Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force have been told to be “prepared for the worst” and placed on the highest level of alert, sources said. All three service chiefs and CDS General Bipin Rawat earlier huddled in a meeting with defence minister Rajnath Singh. Sources said that the local commander has been given a free hand and told to give a befitting reply “irrespective of what the standard operating procedure says”.

Sources in the government said the Cabinet Committee on Security Affairs had given the Indian Army emergency-time powers to deal with Chinese aggression at the Line of Actual Control (LoAC), exercising its autonomy. The government made the decision in the aftermath of a violent clash that took place on Monday night which resulted in the martyrdom of 20 Indian soldiers including a colonel rank officer.

The Indian retaliation has already cost the Chinese their 43 soldiers, which Sirf News was the only media house to report last night.

The government has reportedly given Indian Army a free hand to act as they see fit in the Galwan Valley region where the clashes took place.

“In order to discuss the situation in the India-China border areas, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for an all-party meeting at 5 PM on 19th June. Presidents of various political parties would take part in this virtual meeting,” The Office of the Prime Minister said in a statement on Twitter.

Meanwhile, Zhao Lijian, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson said that the sovereignty of the Galwan valley area has always belonged to China. “The Indian border troops flip-flopped and seriously violated our border protocols on border-related issues and the consensus of our commander level talks,” Lijian said.

Also read: Soldiers killed in LoAC clash: 20 Indian, 43 Chinese

“From the Chinese side, we do not wish to see more clashes, says Zhao Lijian, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson on the Galwan Valley clash.  “We are having communication through diplomatic and military channels. The right and wrong of this is very clear. ..The incident happened on the Chinese side of LAC and China is not to blame for it.” Zhao Lijian said.

India has rubbished the statement from China.

India blamed China on Tuesday for trying to unilaterally alter the status quo on the Line of Actual Control at Galwan and for departing from the consensus reached at the senior commanders’ meeting on 6 June, which led to the violence clashes.

Also read: Talks with China deal with easier parts, tougher negotiations to follow

“On the late evening and night of 15 June, a violent face-off happened as a result of an attempt by the Chinese side to unilaterally change the status quo there (Galwan).

Both sides suffered casualties that could have been avoided had the agreement at the higher level been scrupulously followed by the Chinese side,” the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) spokesperson Anurag Srivastava said.

“We remain firmly convinced of the need for the maintenance of peace and tranquillity in the border areas and the resolution of differences through dialogue.”

“At the same time, we are also strongly committed to ensuring India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” he said.

New Delhi said it has adopted a responsible approach to border management, and is very clear that all its activities are always within the Indian side of the LAC. “We expect the same of the Chinese side,” the spokesperson said. Following Monday’s bloodshed, India’s Ambassador to China Vikram Misri met senior Chinese foreign ministry officials to discuss the LAC incident.

India said it was China which broke the consensus and must make amends. “While it was our expectation that this would unfold smoothly, the Chinese side departed from the consensus to respect the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Galwan Valley.”

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India

Romeo chopper deal precedes Trump visit; missile defence for Delhi to follow

The Cabinet Committee on Security has approved a $ 2 billion deal to buy multirole Romeo helicopters for the Indian Navy ahead of US President Donald Trump‘s visit. The US has offered a missile shield system to secure the capital’s air range too.

This deal of 24 advanced MH 60 Romeo helicopters from the US is important for the navy as some of its ships are hitting the seas soon, but there was no competent helicopter for them.

Sources said the contract would be signed during Trump‘s visit. Romeo, the advanced chopper, helps a battleship locate enemy submarines and destroy them. The navy so far lacked the capability to locate submarines in the Indian Ocean region due to the absence of such helicopters.

The navy needs more than 120 naval multi-role helicopters. It had issued a global tender for this in August 2017. But the matter came unstuck until today.

After Romeo for navy, a missile defence system for Delhi

There has also been some progress in providing the National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS) to India from the US. With this system, the capital will be protected from all threats from the aerial route. The cost of this system is approximately $ 1.8 billion. The deal was reported to the US Congress.

Sources said that this deal could be done soon. For this, the US has issued a Letter of Acceptance (LOA). Sources said that India is close to acquiring the advanced missile system to protect the capital.

The LOA will become a contract after India signs it. This process can be completed in a few weeks.

India has purchased more than $ 18 billion worth of defence equipment from the US and made some agreements to share military logistics. The US is also the largest military training partner for India.

Till a few decades ago, India used to meet a large part of its defence equipment requirement from the USSR. But in recent years, purchases of these equipment from the US have increased.

In view of a domineering China in Asia, the US wants to increase India’s capacity to maintain a strategic balance. It has increased the sales of defence equipment to India and it is also helping in technology transfer.

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India

Theatre command in Jammu & Kashmir

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) Gen Bipin Rawat said on Monday that India was planning to establish a separate theatre command in Jammu and Kashmir. Gen Rawat told a group of select journalists that the Air Defence Command would be launched early next year and the peninsular command by the end of 2021.

Gen Rawat further said that the Indian Air Force will come under the command of the Indian Air Defense Command. All long-range missile and air defence related assets will come under its purview. India is planning to set up a separate theatre command in Jammu and Kashmir. The Eastern and Western Command of the Indian Navy will be merged into peninsular ommand. The Chief Defense Chairman said that ‘India will also have separate training and theoretical command’ Logistics’ command.

He supported the policy of buying large deals in order of large deals, including 114 fighter jets. General Rawat said that after assessing the performance of the indigenously built aircraft carrier, the demand of the Navy’s third aircraft carrier will be considered. Submarines are a priority for the Navy over aircraft carriers.

Sirf News had reported earlier that the new CDS would try to convert the current 17 commands in the country into four or five commands using the theatre command in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

CDS role in theatre and other commands

The country’s first CDS will facilitate the reorganisation of military commands by establishing a theatre command in the country. The CDS is helping pave the way for joint procurement, military equipment and weapons for the three forces.

Gen Rawat heads the space, cyber, special forces, and tri-service command etc. Apart from this, there will be a permanent chairman of the chief of staff committee. There will be military advisers of the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).

Gen Rawat is the fifth secretary in departments like DRDO, Defence Production and Ex-Servicemen Welfare. But unlike the three chiefs, he cannot take operational decisions about the army.

The CDS does not have a personal command or service, which he had until 30 December. But he looks into the matters of personnel and their issues.

The country’s first CDS does not give any order to the three army chiefs. He can only advise them. He will not be the boss of any of the three service chiefs.

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India

83 Tejas, 110 other new fighter aircraft to replace retiring jets

Given the dwindling fighter jets in the Indian Air Force (IAF), the government is going to buy 200 fighter jets. Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar on Sunday said that the government was taking this step to deal with the problem of ever-decreasing fighter jets in the force. He said that the contract for 83 Tejas fighter jets Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is preparing is in the last round.

The defence secretary said that the government had sought proposals for 110 more jets besides these 83 fighter aircraft. He said a process was underway to procure a total of 200 fighter aircraft in this way.

The defence secretary said, “We will soon finalise the contract for 83 Tejas fighter jets. India will be able to get the urgent fighter aircraft for its air security.”

Asked about the timeframe for Tejas fighter jets to be inducted into the air force, the officer said, “We want to complete this process as soon as possible.” he talked also about outsourcing.

Currently, the IAF fleet has fighter aircraft like Mirage 2000, Sukhoi 30 MKI and MiG-29. There are also Jaguars and Mig 21 Bison, which have become quite old. Thirty-six French-made Rafale will soon join the IAF fleets.

Recently, the MiG-27 fighter jets last flew after serving at the Jodhpur airbase for nearly four decades. These aircraft played an important role during the Kargil War and destroyed the intruder’s dangerous plans by bombing Pakistani targets.

Tejas, the first replenishment for IAF

HAL Tejas is a single-engine, delta wing, multirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the IAF and Indian Navy. It came from the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters. In 2003, the LCA was officially named “Tejas”.

Unlike in the case of the American-made Apache helicopters, there is no disagreement between the forces on who gets to fly the Tejas.

Tejas has a tail-less compound delta-wing configuration with a single dorsal fin. This provides better high-alpha performance characteristics than conventional wing designs. Its wing root leading edge has a sweep of 50 degrees, the outer wing leading edge has a sweep of 62.5°. Its trailing edge has a forward sweep of 4°. It integrates technologies such as relaxed static stability, fly-by-wire flight control system, multi-mode radar, integrated digital avionics system and composite material structures. It is the smallest and lightest in its class of contemporary supersonic combat aircraft.

The Tejas is the second supersonic fighter developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) after the HAL HF-24 Marut. As of 2016, the Tejas Mark 1 was in production for the IAF and the naval version was undergoing flight tests for Indian Navy. The projected requirement for the IAF was 200 single-seat fighters and 20 twin-seat trainers, while the IN expected to operate at least 40 single-seat fighters. The first Tejas IAF unit, No. 45 Squadron IAF Flying Daggers was formed on 1 July 2016 with two aircraft. Initially stationed at Bangalore, 45 Squadron was later relocated to its home base at Sulur, Tamil Nadu. The Minister of State for Defence, Subhash Bhamre, reported to parliament that the indigenous content of the Tejas was 59.7% by value and 75.5% by a number of line replaceable units in 2016.

As of 2019, the planned number of Tejas in Indian Air Force inventory is a total 324 aircraft of several variants. The first batch consists of 40 Mark 1 aircraft, 16 IOC standard (already delivered) and 16 FOC standard (delivery to commence by end of 2019), followed by 8 trainers. Next 83 are to be of upgraded Mark 1A standard. By the time these first 123 are delivered, the Tejas Mark 2 is expected to be ready for series production by 2025–26

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India

CDS Gen Bipin Tawat: Responsibilities & authority

Former army chief Gen Bipin Rawat is now the country’s first chief of defence staff (CDS) and Gen MM Naravane is the new army chief. The appointment of Gen Rawat has been effective from 31 December. Gen Rawat was made the chief of the Indian Army in 2016. His role as the CDS and things he will no longer be doing are detailed as under.

Defence expert Maroof Raza explained on a television channel the possible work responsibilities and authority of Gen Rawat, the country’s first CDS. Raza said that the first and foremost task of Gen Rawat will be to coordinate between the three armies. But he will be more than just commandeering the services.

Gen Rawat as CDS will be the chief military adviser to the defence minister. He will be responsible for the affairs of the three forces. He will hold positions in groups such as the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) and the Defence Planning Commission (DPC). Apart from this, he will be a secretary in the Department of Military Affairs (DMA).

Gen Rawat will not retire at the age of 62 like other army chiefs. He will retire at the age of 65. But he will get his salary and facilities like other army chiefs.

The CDS will assist in paving the way for joint procurement, military equipment and weapons for the three forces. Also, he will help in implementing the schemes of new vacancies.

The country’s first CDS will facilitate the reorganisation of military commands by establishing a theatre command in the country. The country currently has a theatre command in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Under this, he will try to convert the 17 commands present in the country into four or five commands.

Gen Rawat will head the space, cyber, Special Forces command, tri-service command etc. Apart from this, there will be a permanent chairman of the chief of staff committee. There will be military advisers of the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA).

Raza said that Gen Rawat will be the fifth secretary in departments like DRDO, Defence Production and Ex-Servicemen Welfare. But unlike the three chiefs, he will not be able to take operational decisions about the army.

The CDS will not have a personal command or service, which he had until yesterday. But he will look into the matters of personnel and their issues.

The country’s first CDS Gen Rawat will not give any order to the three army chiefs. He can only advise them. He will not be the boss of any of the three service chiefs.

The CDS will not be able to stop the new capital acquisition for the forces. Nor will it create any hindrance in it. But he can advise.

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Economy

Make-in-India in defence equipment manufacturing a flop?

None of the major Make-in-India projects in the defence sector, ranging from new-generation stealth submarines, mines and light utility helicopters to infantry vehicles, transport aircraft and fighter jets, have actually succeeded in the past six years. These long-overdue projects, worth more than Rs 3.5 lakh crore, are either stuck or still in separate stages of production.

The relatively new Make-in-India project to build approximately 7,50,000 Kalashnikov AK-203 Assault Rifles in a joint venture with Russia at the Korva Ordnance Factory in Uttar Pradesh may, in fact, kick in first.

In October 2017, it was found that six mega Make-in-India projects were encountering bureaucratic hurdles, long-winded processes, commercial and technical wrangling, coupled with expected political pressure and lack of follow-through, as reported then by The Times of India.

Two years later, the story is more or less the same for seven major projects. Since 2017, India has cancelled the fifth-generation large fighter aircraft project with Russia in favour of the indigenous Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA) project.

The Ministry of Defence says that a number of measures have been taken to promote indigenous defence production, including amendments to the Defence Procurement Process (DPP) and FDI policy, simplification of ‘Make in India’ procedures and guidelines, notifications for “strategic partnership (SP)” model and the decision to establish two defence industrial corridors in Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.

“There is a big push to boost indigenous defence production, but it will take time to fructify on the ground. Some projects are about to close.” a senior official said, adding that the contract for the AK-203 rifle should be launched early next year after some delay following the establishment of a joint venture with Russia.

“Similarly, it took a long time for the Tata-Airbus project to conclude price negotiations to build 56 C-295 aircraft as it was a single-vendor position but the matter would now go to the Cabinet Committee on Security for approval” she added.

1. Light Utility Helicopters (IAF & Army): As many as 200 Kamov-226T helicopters were supposed to be made under Make-in-India at a cost of over Rs 8,000 crore to replace obsolete Cheetah/Chetak fleets. The agreement for the same was signed with Russia in December 2015. A joint venture was formed but there is no final contract. This project is stuck in the technical evaluation stage. 2. Naval Utility Helicopters: 111 armed, twin-engine helicopters for Rs 21,273 crore were to replace single-engine Chetaks. The Defence Acquisitions Council approved this first strategic partnership (SP) project in August 2018. Four Indian and three foreign firms shortlisted but HAL wanted a share of the pie. An RFP (request for proposal) will be floated next year. It will take at least three years for the contract to be in place. 3. Diesel-Electric Submarines: 6 stealth diesel-electric submarines costing over Rs 50,000 crore under Project-75 (India) got the ‘acceptance of necessity (AoN)’ in November 2007. An Expression of Interest was issued to Indian shipyards and foreign manufacturers. The selection of Indian shipyard-foreign firm duo will take at least four more years. Another seven or eight years will be gone before the first submarine rolls out.
4. Future Infantry Combat Vehicles2,314 in number, for Rs 60,000 crore were to replace the ageing BMP-2 fleet. The project got the AoN in October 2009, but it was stuck as the ministry moved it from ‘Make I’ to ‘Make-II’ category. The companies concerned are embroiled in a dispute over the contract. 5. Mine Counter-Measure Vessels, 12 in number, to detect and destroy enemy mines were to be made for Rs 32,000 crore. The Navy has been looking for these MCMVs since July 2005. The proposed project to be handled jointly by the Goa Shipyard and Kangnam Shipyard (of South Korea) was scrapped in January 2018. A fresh RFP is likely in early 2020. 6. Fighter Jets, 114 in number, for Rs 1.4 lakh crore were requisitioned through a tender issued in April 2018. After Rs 59,000 crore deal for 36 Rafale jets were signed with the French government in September 2016, replacing the defunct deal for 126-jet medium multi-role combat aircraft (MMRCA) project, the AoN is likely in April-May 2020. RFP will then be issued to seven foreign contenders. It will take at least for years before the contract is in place.
7. Medium Transport aircraft: 56 twin-turboprop were to replace the IAF’s old Avro aircraft fleet for Rs 11,929 crore. The IAF sought the aircraft first in June 2011. RFP was issued to eight big aviation manufacturers in May 2013. The ministry cleared the Tata-Airbus project for C-295 aircraft in May 2015. The protracted commercial negotiations are now over. The case will now go to the CCS for final clearance.

 

If India must overcome the embarrassment of a strategically weak position being the world’s largest arms importer, this bureaucratic approach must end. The SP policy to increase the role of Indian companies in the production of new generation weapon systems in association with global armament majors has, in fact, only delayed projects further.

For example, the armed forces have been seeking new light utility helicopters for 15 years to replace their obsolete single-engine Cheetah and Chetak fleet, which suffer from high accident rates and serviceability problems. Under the Make-in-India SP policy, the Navy will have its first project for 111 armed, twin-engine utility choppers costing more than Rs 21,000 crore. But only four Indian firms Tata, Adani, Mahindra Defence and Bharat Forge and three foreign manufacturers (Airbus, Kamov and Lockheed Martin-Sikorsky) were recently shortlisted, while defence PSU Hindustan Aeronautics is complaining that it has not been considered for the helicopter project.

Similarly, the Navy’s demand for six new stealth diesel-electric submarines, first approved in November 2007 at a cost of more than Rs 50,000 crore, is not close to being finalised under the SP model.

Sample another Make-in-India project. India and Russia in December 2015 included an intergovernmental agreement to build 200 Kamov-228T light-useful helicopters worth more than $ 1 billion. However, it is stuck in the technical evaluation phase on the “low level of indigenisation” offered by Russia.

This much-delayed project is considered significant for twin-engine light utility helicopters as India’s attempt to procure 197 such helicopters from abroad thrice in the last decade has ended due to allegations of corruption and technical deviations.

Based on a Times of India report

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India

Naval guns, 13 for Rs 7,100 crore, from US to India

The US has approved the sale of 13 Mk 45 naval guns to India. The $ 1 billion worth guns will cost Rs 7,100 crore to India with all the equipment. The Defence Security and Cooperation Agency (DSCA), which approved the US defence deals, gave this information late on Wednesday. The deal was approved under foreign military sales.

These naval guns have been prepared by the US Department of Defence for naval operations. India will be assigned an upgraded version, which will have a longer barrel length. Mk 45 cannons are capable of carrying out surface and airstrikes from warships.

The DSCA has issued mandatory certification for the deal. The agency takes a month to approve any deal. Any objections related to the transaction can be lodged during this period. Under this deal, 3,500 projectiles, ammunition, parts and other equipment used for artillery will be sold to India.

Mk 45 naval guns to enhance maritime operations’ capacity

The US will also train Indian soldiers to operate these guns. With the availability of these guns, the capability of the Indian Navy‘s maritime operations will expand. Indian warships will be able to conduct precise security operations with the help of the US Navy and other navies.

With the introduction of the Mk 45, the Indian Navy will be able to effectively deal with the current and future threats in the maritime sector.

According to the deal with the US Defence Agency, the sale of these guns will not create a military imbalance in the region.

The MK 45 cannons are manufactured in Louisville and Kentucky. The agency has said that the US will bear the cost of transporting the guns to India under the deal, which also covers technical data and other necessary support sharing.

The 5-inch/54 calibre (Mk 45) lightweight gun is a US naval artillery gun mount consisting of a 127 mm (5 in) L54 Mark 19 gun on the Mark 45 mount. Originally designed and built by United Defence, it is now manufactured by BAE Systems Land & Armaments after the former was acquired.

The latest 5-inch/62 calibre version consists of a longer barrel L62 Mark 36 gun fitted on the same Mark 45 mount. The gun is designed for use against surface warships, anti-aircraft and shore bombardment to support amphibious operations. The gun mount features an automatic loader with a capacity of 20 rounds. These can be fired under full automatic control, taking a little over a minute to exhaust those rounds at maximum fire rate.

For sustained use, the gun mount would be occupied by a six-man crew (gun captain, panel operator, and four ammunition loaders) below deck to keep the gun continuously supplied with ammunition.

Featured image: Atlantic Ocean, 9 January 2007: Guided missile destroyer USS Forrest Sherman (DDG 98) test-fires its five-inch gun on the bow of the ship during training. The Sherman is currently conducting training exercises in the Atlantic Ocean. [US Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Apprentice Joshua Adam Nuzzo]

With inputs from Polmar Norman's The Naval Institute Guide to the Ships and Aircraft of the US fleet (18th ed), Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, pp. 492–493 
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India

Rajnath reminds Pakistan of Navy’s ‘second-strike capability’

While he was addressing the men in uniform of the Indian Navy, his message was clearly meant for Pakistan. In the backdrop of Pakistan’s repeated talk about nuclear war, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said today that Indian Navy’s “second-strike capability” as a nuclear deterrent was “most significant”.

Second-strike capability is an assured capability of an armed force to respond to a nuclear attack with its own nuclear weapons. Addressing the Navy personnel on aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, the minister said, “I am aware that after the Pulwama attack, when the country responded effectively through strikes on terror camps in Balakot, the Western Fleet was immediately deployed in a strong posture in the northern Arabian Sea. This degraded the ability of our adversary to deploy and ensured they did not attempt any misadventure at sea. In this context, the role of the Indian Navy to have a credible ‘second strike’ capability as a nuclear deterrent, is most significant.”

The Defence Minister’s remarks come just days after Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, in his maiden speech at the UN General Assembly, drummed up hysteria over nuclear war while targeting India over Kashmir. India had hit back saying the “threat of unleashing nuclear devastation qualifies as brinksmanship, not statesmanship”.

Tensions between the two countries have spiked since the abrogation of Article 370 with Pakistani leaders repeatedly raising the nuclear bogey. But India has maintained that it is an internal issue and Islamabad should end all support to terrorist outfits.

Rajnath Singh said Indian Navy’s role is critical in ensuring the energy security and economic growth of the country and noted that about 90 per cent of India’s international trade by volume and about 70 per cent by value is carried by sea. “As we move towards our goal of five trillion dollar economy, the volume of maritime trade will only grow in times to come. Thus, I firmly believe that the role of the Indian Navy in general and the Western Fleet, in particular, is also critical in ensuring the energy security and economic growth of the country,” he said.

The minister said that he will write to family members of each personnel, who are working on INS Vikramaditya, talking about their valour.

INS Vikramaditya is currently travelling in the Arabian Sea near Goa. “I was telling Admiral Karambir Singh (Chief of Naval Staff) that since I have met so many personnel here…I would write a letter to either parents and spouse of each personnel, telling them that I met your son or husband at INS Vikramaditya. I will tell them (parents) that your son is full of valour and you have given birth to such a child that the whole country is proud of you and your son. I will go and write to each member of your family,” the minister added.

During his overnight stay on the INS Vikramaditya, Rajnath Singh witnessed various military exercises involving submarines, frigates and the carrier. The minister said that the government would like that Indian Navy to be known across the world as “blue water navy”.

A blue-water navy is capable of operating globally, even in deep ocean waters far away from any coastline.

About his overnight stay on the aircraft carrier, the minister said, “I have been with you since last night. And I have got the opportunity for the first time to stay at INS Vikramaditya. I can say that if there is any “Samundar Ka Sikandar (king of the seas)”, it is INS Vikramaditya only.”

“Keeping in mind our strategic interest and maritime security, the Indian government believes that the country needs three aircraft carriers. Currently, the work on the second one is going on. I think it will be over soon,” the minister said.

Rajnath Singh’s address at INS Vikramaditya was relayed through radio to Navy personnel of 21 ships, which were surrounding the aircraft carrier in Arabian Sea.

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India

जनरल रावत शक्तिशाली त्रिसेवा समिति के अध्यक्ष बने

सेना प्रमुख जनरल बिपिन रावत ने शुक्रवार को निवर्तमान IAF चीफ एयर चीफ मार्शल बी एस धनोआ से स्टाफ चीफ्स कमेटी (COSC) के अध्यक्ष का पदभार ग्रहण किया

रक्षा मंत्रालय ने कहा कि अगले COSC के अध्यक्ष के रूप में, जनरल रावत चीफ ऑफ डिफेंस स्टाफ (CDS) की नियुक्ति को संचालित करने, त्रि-सेवा एकीकरण को बढ़ाने और सेवाओं के एक साथ विकास को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए केंद्रित हैं।

COSC में थल सेना, नौसेना और वायु सेना के प्रमुख शामिल हैं और सबसे वरिष्ठ सदस्य को इसका अध्यक्ष नियुक्त किया गया है।

जनरल रावत ने यहां एक संक्षिप्त समारोह में निवर्तमान एयर चीफ मार्शल धनोआ से अध्यक्ष, चीफ ऑफ स्टाफ कमेटी से पदभार ग्रहण किया। धनोआ इस सोमवार सेवानिवृत्त होंगे।

मंत्रालय ने कहा कि COSC के अध्यक्ष के रूप में, रावत सशस्त्र बलों की आधुनिक युद्ध लड़ने की क्षमताओं के तेजी से परिचालन और सिंक्रनाइज़ेशन पर ध्यान केंद्रित करेंगे ताकि यह सुनिश्चित हो सके कि वे भविष्य की चुनौतियों से अच्छी तरह से जुड़े हुए हैं।

एक ऐतिहासिक सैन्य सुधार के अंतर्गत 15 अगस्त को प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने घोषणा की कि भारत में त्रिकोणीय सेवाओं के प्रमुख के रूप में रक्षा कर्मचारियों का एक प्रमुख (सीडीएस) होगा, 1999 में कारगिल संघर्ष के बाद से लंबित एक प्रस्ताव।

एयर चीफ मार्शल धनोआ ने 29 मई को तत्कालीन नौसेना प्रमुख एडमिरल सुनील लांबा से सीओएससी के अध्यक्ष का पदभार संभाला था।

COSC के अध्यक्ष को तीन सेवाओं के बीच तालमेल सुनिश्चित करने और देश के सामने मौजूद बाहरी सुरक्षा चुनौतियों से निपटने के लिए सामान्य रणनीति तैयार करने का काम सौंपा गया है।

पिछले तीन वर्षों में संयुक्तता बढ़ाने के उद्देश्य से COSC संचालन, प्रशिक्षण और प्रशासन से लेकर कई विविध मुद्दों पर विचार-विमर्श कर रहा है।

मंत्रालय ने कहा, “जनरल रावत ने अपनी दूरदर्शिता और पेशेवर कौशल के साथ महत्वपूर्ण मुद्दों पर अपने गैर-पक्षपाती विचारों के साथ समिति के लिए महत्वपूर्ण योगदान दिया है।”

जनरल रावत ने 31 दिसंबर 2016 को सेनाध्यक्ष का पदभार ग्रहण किया था।

उसके पास पिछले तीन दशकों में भारतीय सेना में युद्ध क्षेत्रों में और विभिन्न कार्यात्मक स्तरों पर सेवा देने का जबरदस्त अनुभव है।

सेना प्रमुख बनने से पहले, उन्होंने एलओसी के साथ पाकिस्तान, एलएसी के साथ चीन और पूर्वोत्तर में कई क्षेत्रों में विभिन्न परिचालन जिम्मेदारियों को संभाला।