Friday 26 February 2021
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Solar eclipse: How it is caused, why India can’t see it in 2019

Solar eclipse: As the earth revolves around the sun and the moon does so around the earth, there comes a time when the three fall in a line, with the moon in between, obstructing our vision of the sun

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Politics India Solar eclipse: How it is caused, why India can't see it in...

New Delhi: Today is the second solar eclipse of three eclipses that will occur in 2019. The moon will come between the sun and the earth today, which will obstruct the vision of earth-dwellers, obscuring the sun from appearing to them. This solar eclipse will appear only in a few places on our planet. The solar eclipse on the Indian part of the globe will happen at night; hence, there will be no effect here.

According to Hindu calendars, Ashadha amavasya and/or Bhomavati amavasya occur on this day. This is the first Surya grahan in this year whereas there was a partial cosmic eclipse on 6 January.

There will be a partial lunar eclipse on 16 July. Then the final eclipse of 2019 and the third eclipse in India will occur on 26 December.

Today, South America, the Pacific Ocean, South Central America, and Argentina will witness a complete solar eclipse for about five hours. This eclipse will start from around 10 o’clock in the night, according to Indian time. After this, the eclipse will occur at 12 o’clock in 53 minutes and the eclipse will end at 3 o’clock at 21 minutes in the early morning. Here is one of the prominent questions that come first whenever we hear about this eclipse.

What is solar eclipse?

The earth rotates around its axis and revolves around the sun in its cosmic system. On the other hand, the moon is actually the earth’s satellite that circles our planet. Thus, there comes a time when the moon falls in the line of incident light from the sun to the earth. This casts the moon’s shadow on the earth and the sun ceases to appear on the earth partially or completely, depending on the angle of incidence and the relative placement of the three bodies. This phenomenon is called a solar eclipse.

In this astronomical position, the sun, moon, and earth all fall in one straight line. This eclipse happens on the day of amavasya while the lunar eclipse always falls on a full moon day.

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