New Delhi: Following is the chronology of events in the decades-old Cauvery water dispute matter in which the Supreme Court today held that Karnataka will get 284.75 tmc and Tamil Nadu 404.25 tmc Cauvery water:
The original agreement, which was signed between the Madras Presidency and the princely State of Mysore in 1924, had lapsed in 1974.
*May 1990: SC directs Centre to constitute Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal (CWDT), a demand made by Tamil Nadu since 1970.
*2 June: Centre notifies CWDT.
*Jan 1991: CWDT rejects TN government’s plea for interim relief. TN appeals the rejection in SC.
*April : SC directs the CWDT to entertain TN’s petition for interim relief.
*June: CWDT announces interim award. Karnataka ordered to release 205 tmc. Karnataka passes an Ordinance to nullify the order. SC intervenes, strikes down Karnataka’s ordinance and upholds the interim award of the CWDT. Karnataka refuses to oblige.
*11 Dec: the Interim award is published in the Government of India Gazette.
*Aug 1998: Centre constitutes Cauvery River Authority (CRA) to ensure implementation of CWDT interim award.
*8 Sep 2002: CRA, chaired by the then Prime Minister AB Vajpayee, directs Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs (0.8 tmc) of Cauvery water to TN.
*5 Feb 2007: CWDT gives final award after 17 years. Tribunal holds as valid the two agreements of 1892 and 1924 executed between the Madras Presidency and the princely State of Mysore on the apportionment of water to TN.
*19 Sep 2012: At the seventh CRA, then PM Manmohan Singh directs Karnataka to release 9,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to TN at Biligundlu dam.
*28 Sep: SC slams Karnataka government for not complying with PM’s direction at the CRA.
*19 March 2013: TN moves SC to give directions to Water Ministry for constitution of Cauvery Management Board (CMB).
*10 May: SC directs Centre to set up panel to supervise Cauvery water release.
*28 May: TN moves SC, seeks Rs 2,480 cr damages from Karnataka for not following orders of the CWDT.
*12 June: Cauvery Supervisory Committee (CSC) terms the TN’s plea for directions to Karnataka for release of Cauvery water as per the CWDT award as not feasible .
*14 June: TN decides to file contempt plea against Karnataka for its stand on the Cauvery Supervisory Committee.
- 26 June: TN moves SC for constitution of CMB.
28 June: TN files contempt petition in the SC against Karnataka.
*18 Nov 2015: Karnataka objects to TN s plea to release Cauvery water. Karnataka government tells SC that TN s demand for the release of 45.32 tmc of Cauvery water proceeds from a wholly erroneous premise that the water year of 2015-16 in the Cauvery basin is a normal year and not a distress year.
*2 Sep 2016: SC asks Karnataka to consider taking steps to release water to TN.
*5 Sep: SC directs Karnataka to release 15,000 cusecs of water per day to TN for next 10 days.
*7 Sep: Karnataka begins releasing water to TN as per SC order.
- 11 Sep: Karnataka files plea to modify SC order directing it to share water with TN.
12 Sep: SC refuses plea by Karnataka to freeze the 5 September order. SC, however, reduces the quantum of daily water release ordered earlier, from 15,000 cusecs to 12,000 cusecs.
19 Sep: CSC orders Karnataka to release 3,000 cubic feet of water per second (cusecs) for the rest of the month.
14 July 2017: SC says it would take a balanced view, keeping in mind the interests of the people of both the States. Karnataka sought a reduction in the quantum of Cauvery water it should release to TN from 192 tmc to 132 tmc.
20 Sep: SC reserves verdict.
16 Feb 2018: SC pronounces the final verdict, directs Karnataka to release 404.25 tmc annually to TN which was earlier awarded 419 tmc water by CWDT. Karnataka to now gets enhanced 14.75 tmc, i.e. 284.75 tmc water.
SC says its verdict on Cauvery water allocation will continue for next 15 years.