New Delhi: Furthering the agenda for cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog has launched SATH, a programme to provide ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State governments. The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors. The programme addresses the need expressed by many States for technical support from the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI).
SATH aims to identify and build 3 future ‘role model’ States for health systems. NITI will work in close collaboration with their State machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a programme for governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, hand-hold State institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives. The programme will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium that were selected through a competitive bidding process.
To select the 3 model States, NITI defined a 3-stage process — expression of interest, presentations by the States and assessment of commitment to health sector reforms. NITI invited all States and Union Territories to participate in the programme. Sixteen States expressed prima facie interest, of which 14 made their presentations. Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Punjab, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh presented their project proposal to a committee headed by Member of NITI Aayog, Bibek Debroy and comprising of CEO, Amitabh Kant as well as a representative from the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Of these 14 States, 5 have been shortlisted. Subsequently, three will be selected on the basis of further evaluations and objective assessment of criteria affecting the potential for impact and likelihood of success. Metrics such as MMR, IMR, incidence of malaria and others have been considered for determining potential impact while the density of doctors and nurses, compliance to IPHS norms are some of the metrics used to determine the likelihood of success. The program will be launched in the 3 selected States after the signing of the memoranda of understanding.