(1) He who is the ‘Universal-All’, He is the Universe and the ‘cause’ of it all including Generation, Sustenance and Dissolution.
(2) The Universe is NOT separate from the Parama-Puruṣa (Brahmhai-Vedam VIṤVAM) – how can he be separate, when he is the universe itself?
(3) Not only is he the Universe and the Universal-All, he is that which enters and dwells within all beings both animate and inanimate (VIṤATI) – he has penetrated and interpenetrated everything in the Universe and therefore there is nothing that is not ‘Him’ It is because he has entered every being that it is possible for one to ‘SEE’ him if one were to turn our gaze inward
(4) It is into him that everything and everyone dissolves at the end. He is that great spider who sits at the center of the very web that he has spun and watches everything that goes on, and who at the time of dissolution withdraws this very web (of creation) into himself – in that sense this world that we live in is an ‘EMANATION’ from him and not so much his “CREATION”
(5) The word VIṤVAM also represents the “Pranavam” for isn’t the Pranavam the primeval ‘shabda’ that permeates the whole Universe?
This is how Śaṅkara interprets this name.
Parāsara Battar sees this as a name that represents the “fullness” of Bhagavan – he who is complete in all respects. Bhagavan is full to the brim with reference to his essential nature, form, qualities, and supreme glory. Parāsara Battar also sees it as “he” who is the Universal-all and also the one who has entered the world himself.
He of the dark blue hue of infinite space, the source of all that is beautiful, The maintainer of the cosmic order
His four hands are symbolic of the four quarters – over which he holds absolute sway.
The Sun, the moon, the stars and the galaxies are his ornaments
The flapping of the wings of his great Vahana, Garuda is the wind that blows and he is the orb of Surya dwelling within as “Surya Narayana”
He is the gentle lustre of Chandra in the night-sky and the Neela-Megha-Shyama of the life-giving water-clouds
He is motion-eternal when cutting through the sky on Garuda or when he chooses the Eka-chakra (one-wheeled) chariot.
He is also that stillness-eternal when reclining on that ancient serpent – Adisesha
- Sri Viṣṇu Sahasranāma; Swami Tapasyananda, Ramkrishna Math
- Bhagavad Guna Darpana; Pudukottai Sri U. Ve. A. Srinivasa Raghavachar Swamy
- Sri Viṣṇu Sahasranāma; P. Sankaranarayanan