Out of the three main parties to the Ayodhya dispute, Ram Lalla Virajman, Nirmohi Akhara and the Sunni Waqf Board, the first has won the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case. Nirmohi Akhara’s contention was ruled out by the Supreme Court today while the Shia Waqf Board could not impress the apex court either. The court has ruled that the government must allot an alternative plot of land of area 5 acre to Sunni Muslims in Ayodhya somewhere away from the plot where the Babri structure stood until 6 December 1992.
The Supreme Court has ordered that the disputed land must be given to Hindus. The Union government will now have to formulate a scheme within three months for the execution of the Ayodhya verdict.
The Supreme Court stated that the right of Ram Lalla to the disputed property was subject to the maintenance of peace, law and order and tranquillity. The government, the court said, would take measures for maintaining peace and harmony and law and order.
The apex court said that there was enough material to establish that the Babri Masjid was not constructed on vacant land and that there used to be a structure underneath what Mughal conqueror Babar ordered to be built. That structure underneath, the court said, was not Islamic. At the same time, the court said, there was no proof that a temple was demolished to build a mosque in its place.
The Supreme Court verdict upholds the historical narrative Sirf News had been trying to establish when the Ayodhya case was being heard for 40 days.
Some of the salient technical points in the Ayodhya verdict are the following:
- The special leave petition filed by Shia Wakf board was dismissed
- Suit No 3 filed by Nirmohi Akhara was barred by limitation and dismissed
- Ramjanmabhoomi was ruled to be not a juristic person but a deity (Ram Lalla Virajman) is
- The claim of adverse possession by parties dismissed
The five-judge Constitution Bench that heard the case and delivered the verdict comprised including Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi, Justice SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer. CJI Gogoi read out the judgment.