Wednesday 25 May 2022
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Railways on track of development

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New Delhi — A slew of measures has been taken to improve the condition of the Indian Railways. They are as follows:

Electrification

With a view to reduce its energy procurement cost as well as to make the Railway System more eco-friendly and to modernize the system, Indian Railways have been progressively electrifying its rail routes.

  • Highest ever 1375 Route Kilometres (RKM) electrified in 2014-15. Thus, 26269 RKM of Indian Railway tracks (39.92%) are now electrified. 65.40% of freight traffic and 51.20% of passenger traffic is hauled on electric traction with merely 36.32% of total traction fuel cost.
  • 28 nos. new Railway Electrification projects covering 6608 (RKM) with total estimated cost of Rs. 6746.45 crore sanctioned in this year budget.
  • Target for current year (2015-16) of XII Plan is 1670 RKM with fund allotment of Rs. 2163 Cr including Rs 560 Cr through Extra Budgetary Resources i.e PPP and Institutional Financing.
  • 1500 V DC to 25kV AC Traction conversion in Mumbai: Kurla – CSTM section completed and test charged in December’2014 and is expected to be commissioned on 25 kV AC traction in 2015-16. Thus about 1190 TKM out of total 1680 TKM have been commissioned on 25 kV AC electric traction.

Infrastructure

The Financial bid for procurement cum maintenance of 12000 HP high capacity locomotives and setting up of a factory at Madhepura will be opened on 31 August. Earlier, four bidders namely Alstom, Bombardier, General Electric and Siemens were shortlisted for this project. Out of 800 locomotives to be procured 795 will be Made in India which will be mainly working in the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor.

Bids for procurement of 200 (9000 HP) Electric Locomotives against STEP loan of JICA/Japan are due on June 30, 2015. Out of 200 locos to be procured 40 would be imported from Japan and 60 will be assembled from CKD/SKD kits. Last 100 locos would be manufactured in CLWs Unit at Dankuni with Japanese TOT.

Work of the electric loco assembly and ancillary unit of CLW at Dankuni is nearing completion. The first loco expected to be turned out in 2015-16.

Rolling stock

Among the EMU, metro and conventional passenger coaches divisions, the Railways is planning to introduce a very modern train system called Train-Sets for providing superior riding experience and about 20% saving in journey time. The procurement process for 15 trains set has been initiated.

Two Stainless steel AC EMU rakes manufactured at ICF equipped with IGBT based 3-phase propulsion system supplied by M/s Bombardier Transportation against MUTP- Phase II have been introduced in Western Railway for Mumbai suburban. 36 more such rakes will be manufactured at ICF during 2015-16. These have speed potential of 110 km/h.

Order has been placed for procurement of 14 fully furnished rakes equipped with IGBT based 3 phase propulsion system and stain less steel car body for Kolkata Metro on M/s Dalian of China for replacement of old rakes & additional services.

Indian Railways have planned to introduce one air conditioned EMU rake in Mumbai area on trial basis.

Electric locomotives

CLW Produced 250 electric locos in 2014-15, increasing the total holding of electric locomotives to 5,049, out of which 862 locomotives are 3-phase. CLW plans to turn out last conventional loco in November 2015 and last GTO based 3-phase locomotive in October 2015. Thereafter only energy efficient, environment friendly IGBT based 3-Phase locomotives will be manufactured.

Trials of semi-high speed trains up to 160 km/h have been successfully conducted with WAP-5 locos between NDLS – AGC section. Further it has been planned to manufacture WAP-5 locos of 200 km/h within 2015.

A major achievement for ‘Green India’, two WAP-7 locos equipped with hotel load system have been turned out from CLW during 2014-15 and now there are 04 such electric  locos equipped with  hotel load system under trials thereby avoiding power car working, and creating clean/green environment as well as diesel fuel saving.

Passenger amenities

Wi-Fi internet facility has been provided at 9 ‘A1’ category stations namely Agra Cantonment., Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi, Secunderabad and Varanasi during the year. It is being planned to provide Wi-Fi facility at many other A1 and other important stations also.

All India Security Helpline 182 and Passenger Helpline 138 have been made functional as a public interface for queries or complaints related to security, medical emergency, cleanliness, food and catering, coach maintenance, linen etc.

Integrated Security System (ISS) at 6 stations and additionally CCTV system at 10 Railway stations has been commissioned during last year.  Cumulatively, ISS at 64 stations and CCTV system at 21 stations commissioned. As a part of the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’, the cleanliness activities monitored through the CCTV cameras.

Thirty-six escalators and 5 lifts were installed at railway stations in the last year. Further, it has been planned to install 100 escalators and 100 lifts in current year.

Mobile charging facilities would be provided in general class coaches and the number of charging facilities would be increased in sleeper class coaches. 3000 general and sleeper class coaches would be provided with 18 mobile charging points during 2015-16.

Electrical energy management

Among the initiatives taken and action plans made to reduce cost of power procurement through bilateral arrangements and open access mechanism, 50 MW power in NC Railway from DVC resulted in saving of Rs 10.57 crore in 15; annual saving of Rs 100 crore per year is expected.

Power purchase agreement for 100 MW power was signed with GUVNL on 5 March.

The government has allocated 500 MW power from RPPGL at Rs 5 per unit.

To have arrangements for longer periods through market mechanism, tenders floated to procure 50 MW in NCR, 440 MW for western, 220 MW for northern and 350 MW for eastern regions.  First tender of 50 MW will be open on 8 June and the rest by July 2016.

To set up captive power plants for Railways, boiler light up for the first 250 MW unit at Nabinagar, being set up in JV with NTPC, was conducted on 30 March. It is likely to be commissioned by December this year.

sources: 10 MW solar power plants have already installed: 2MW at Raibarely, 1 MW on roof top at Katra, 30 KW solar plant at Rail Bhawan , 40 KW each on GM building at SCR, Tirupati and Ajmer and 5 MW at various other places. An order for a 2 MW plant has been issued; that for another 4.5 MW plant is in progress. The department has been asked to plan 50 MW on roof tops of railway buildings. A general coach with about 4 KW solar panels has been working in Northern Railway since December 2014.

solarpam_143322967410.5 MW of wind power plants have already been installedTendering for 10.5 MW is in progress. Contract for a provision of 25 MW in Rajasthan has been awarded. There is a plan to install another 130 MW of wind power plants.

Energy efficiency: Railways will conduct 150 energy audits. As per the report of BEE, Indian Railways saved 3.3% on traction and non-traction energy last year, which amounts to a saving of about Rs.400 crores. Directives were issued to different zones on 27  for future use of LED light fittings for new office buildings and for replacements of cathode ray tube lights.

Eighteen National Energy Awards have been bagged by the Railways.

It has developed a web based software ‘Rail Saver’.

As part of the project of improving energy efficiency in Railways’ residential quarters under CDM (CFL distribution project), a total of 14 lakh CFLs were installed in Railway quarters by replacing incandescent bulbs. The project has earned total 2,48,609 carbon credits (CERs) till now, out of which 1,38,493 carbon credits (CERs) were earned in 2014-15. The project received “Special Jury Prize” during UIC Sustainability Award’ 2012.

The Railways has taken up key technologies as pilot projects to improve energy efficiency on IR in consultation with UNDP, which includes SCADA control system for the New Delhi station, a building management system at Dadar, pumping control systems at  and Kishan Ganj, LED lights in coaches, smart sense and smart grid system at Baroda House and automatic light and fan control for the New Delhi station.

Signalling

signalTo enhance efficiency and safety in train operation, modern electrical and electronic interlocking system with central panel and complete track circuiting and MACLS have been provided at 245 stations during 2014-15. Panel or electronic interlocking system has been provided at 5,336 stations (85% of total interlocked stations).

Automatic block signalling is a proven low cost signalling solution for enhancing line capacity on a double line section. During 2014-15, this system has been provided on route of length 208 km, which is the highest in last five years. This includes 95 km on the -Mughalsarai section on NC Railway.

For safety of road users, 290 LC gates interlocked with signals were put in place during 2014-15.

Train Protection and Warning System (TPWS) is a proven Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system for preventing signal passing at danger (SPAD) and over speeding. During 2014-15, TPWS have been commissioned on DumDum-Kavi Subhash section of Kolkata Metro (25 km) and TPWS trials completed with 35 locomotives in Delhi-Agra section at 130 km/h and 160 km/h. The decision has been communicated recently to railway zones to execute sanctioned TPWS works on 1244 Rkm of automatic signalling sections where EMUs ply.

A pilot project for indigenous development of Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) as a multi-vendor, interoperable cost-effective system is being carried out by the RDSO. This ATP system has capability of preventing train accidents caused due to SPAD and over-speeding. Field trials of TCAS was conducted on 32 km section (4 stations) with five locomotives during 2014-15. Extended trials on Lingampalli-Vikarabad-Wadi-Bidar section, SCR (250 km) are planned for completion by 2015-16.

Centralised Traffic Control (CTC) consolidates train routing decisions that were previously carried out by local operators. This system optimises the efficiency of train operations by centralised controlling of train traffic from a centre place. During 2014-15, CTC system has been installed at Tundla (NCR) & testing of 7 Stations completed for centralised and more efficient control of traffic in GZB-CNB section.

Signalling has been made fit for semi-high speed trains (160 km/h) on the Delhi-Agra section.

The information above was provided at a press conference addressed by Member Electrical, Railway Board Navin Tandon, on 3 June.

Press Information Bureau

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