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Quantum jump in skill development under NDA

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New Delhi — Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has a target to train 150 million people by 2022. In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today he said, NSDC has a 10-year plan.

Training targets achieved by NSDC during the last 5 years appear below in Annexure I. Year-wise and State-wise number of candidates under NSDC’s vocational training is given in Annexure II.

The ministry has not entered into any tie up with chambers of commerce like or CII to run such vocational training programmes under their mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) contributions, the minister added.

These figures issued by the government show that its programmes trained more than 34 lakh  last year whereas the corresponding figure under the last year of UPA government was a bit more than 10 lakh.

In the ongoing financial year, more than 1 lakh 51 thousand have already been trained.

Annexure I

Data as on 30th June, 2015
Financial year Training Target Trainings Completed Placements Training % Achievement Placement % Achievement
2010-11 20,000 20,484 14,399 102% 70%
2011-12 162,000 181,691 144,238 112% 79%
2012-13 400,000 402,506 216,741 101% 54%
2013-14 1,000,000 1,005,074 646,394 101% 64%
2014-15* 3,300,000 3,442,422 1,226,639 103% 69%**
2015-16 6,060,000 151,266 64,070 2% 42%

*Includes star training numbers.

**Placement percentage is calculated only for training numbers.


State-wise distribution of trainings for last 4 years till FY 2014-15
State FY 11 – 12 FY 12 – 13 FY 13–  14 FY 14–  15** FY 15–  16
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 29 242 0
13,100 45,648 1,15,594 294911 5885
Arunachal Pradesh 5 62 341 0
Assam 3,789 3,081 8,812 23096 2079
Bihar 8,514 10,852 1,01,703 70937 2774
Chandigarh 7 1,156 5213 370
Chhattisgarh 8,690 23,969 32,586 54625 1816
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 3 15 251 911 888
Daman and Diu 7 574 0
Delhi 8,472 20,505 79,090 121707 9732
Goa 7 101 127 2351 85
Gujarat 11,728 12,739 14,461 98272 3033
Haryana 2,738 10,024 23,984 158635 5752
Himachal Pradesh 2,187 1,647 2,880 52212 1277
533 1,822 2,203 7432 488
Jharkhand 2,286 4,281 11,596 38861 1746
Karnataka 12,858 66,868 67,324 262910 10721
Kerala 1,186 4,367 11,822 82669 1521
Lakshadweep 10 553 0
Madhya Pradesh 9,138 36,956 62,574 236126 6428
Maharashtra 24,082 31,379 93,413 369655 25180
Manipur 118 90 167 426 25
Meghalaya 1,263 1,919 3,458 4579 958
Mizoram 6 77 89 444 100
265 274 969 1628 330
Odisha 7,356 11,328 31,925 86852 6879
Puducherry 63 59 183 12148 133
Punjab 7,720 14,872 11,535 94060 1268
Rajasthan 10,533 13,654 19,508 187220 4382
Sikkim 376 1,909 1,200 1243 219
Tamil Nadu 11,820 22,816 98,770 413995 16970
Telangana 118193 5109
Tripura 123 770 2,143 10057 158
Uttar Pradesh 14,349 19,811 39,279 250473 15892
Uttarakhand 4,030 4,130 6,233 78410 1342
West Bengal 9,669 24,129 85,128 296548 15087
Others* 4,674 12,338 74,882 3913
Total 1,81,691 4,02,506 10,05,074 34,42,422 1,48,627
*These include SSC numbers and Udaan Numbers where State Wise break up was not available
**Numbers in FY 2014-15 include numbers reported by NSDC Partners, SSC, STAR and Udaan

The duration of training courses/programmes for skill development depends on the skill being imparted. The number of hours under different skill development programmes varies from less than 80 hours or more than 675 hours. Based on the National Skill Qualification Framework notified on 27 December 2013, Common Norms for Skill Development Schemes have been implemented as per which all the skill development courses will have a minimum duration of 200 hours for fresh entrants and a minimum duration of 80 hours for ‘re-skilling’ or ‘up-skilling’ of people who are already employed but not adequately skilled.

The minister also said that the government has approved common norms in July to rationalise more than 70 skill development programmes being implemented by different central ministries and departments. The common norm addresses the whole spectrum of skill development processes and systems including inputs, outputs, funding and cost norms, third party certification and assessment, monitoring and tracking mechanisms, and empanelling of training providers. They define activities constituting skill development in the country, skill development process and their alignment with National Skill Qualification Framework, broad inputs standards for training programmes and the outcomes expected from these programmes. The outcomes of these skill training programmes have been defined in terms of placement achieved in wage and self-employment.

Rudy informed  through a written reply the new policy approved by the government in July envisages a holistic and comprehensive roadmap for both job seekers as well as job creators by inclusion of specific sections on promotion of entrepreneurship. The policy aims to bridge the skill gap by focusing on the key sectors that have the highest incremental human resource requirement namely construction, retail and logistics. Strengthening Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), increasing industry linkages and creation of a national Labour Market Information System (LMIS) are efforts towards bridging the demand supply mismatch.

A quality assurance framework embedded in National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) is envisaged to improve the consistency of outcomes linked to skill training and certification. Further, strengthening of industry participation through SSCs and Institute Management Committees (IMCs) of Industrial Training Institutes (IITs), will ensure quality skill manpower as required by industry.

as per National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, at present 62% of Indian population is in the working age group (15-59). This population pyramid is expected to bulge across the 15-59 age group over the next decade.  It is expected that during the next 20 years the labour force in India will increase by 32%.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Rudy said the NSDC has signed MoUs with State skill missions universities, institutions and corporations in the sphere of skill development. A statement of MoUs signed by NSDC with PSUs and private companies is given in the chart below.

In addition, the ministry has also signed MoUs with other Union ministries and departments for collaboration in skill development. These MoUs also envisage a distinctive role of NSDC in collaboration.

MoUs signed by the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship with PSUs

Number of candidates Number of locations Number of
Objective Project Cost(in Cr)
POWERGRID 5,000 33 24 states To provide skill training to 5000 Indian youths and women across 33 locations through NDSC approved training providers, with required trades in each location identified through Baseline Study 6.52
NTPC-I 5,000 22 12 states To provide skill training to 5000 Indian youths and women across 22 locations  through NDSC approved training providers, with required trades in each location identified through Baseline Study 6.50
NTPC-II 25,000 Bihar To train 25000 candidates across under-served locations 30.00
Coal India Ltd 2,70,000 To bedecided To bedecided 1. Recognition of Prior Learning for unskilled and semi-skilled workers- 100000
2. Skill training and certification for contract workers-70000
3. Fresh Skilling for youth and women in the operational areas-70000
4. National Vocational Educational Qualification Framework (NVEQF) in Schools-30000
To bedecided

For Bihar

Inaugration of skill Development Training Program in Bhansibadi Village of Katihar District, Bihar, in October 2012 under the UPA government at the Centre and NDA government at the State
Inaugration of skill Development Training Program in Bhansibadi Village of Katihar District, Bihar, in October 2012 under the UPA government at the Centre and NDA government at the State

The minister further informed that a committee has been constituted to work out the modalities for setting up of a skill university in Bihar along with suggesting the initiatives to scale up and synergise the efforts towards skill development of the youth in the region.

In a written reply in the Rajya Sabha today he said there are 12,106 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) (2,285 under the government sector and 9,821 private) operational under the Directorate General of Training (DGT) which are the primary institutions for skilling in the country.

Besides, the government has set up the NSDC as a public-private partnership entity to promote private training providers to set up skill development centres across the country. As on 30 June, 211 NSDC-affiliated training partners have 3,669 operational training centres, including 745 mobile centres with coverage across the Country, Rudy added.

Working women

Rudy said the government was aware of the report titled, “The 2015 Female Entrepreneurship Index (FEI),” published by the Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute, Washington, in which India has been ranked at 70. The FEI seeks to identify which factors enable the flourishing of high potential female entrepreneurs — women who own and operate business that are innovative, market expanding and export oriented.

In another written reply in the Rajya Sabha today, Rudy said the government has approved a new policy for skill development to create an ecosystem of empowerment by ‘skilling’ on a large scale at speed with high standards and to promote a culture of innovation based entrepreneurship which can generate and employment so as to ensure sustainable livelihoods for all citizens in the country.

In the domain of entrepreneurship, the policy seeks to educate and equip potential entrepreneurs both within and outside the formal education system. It also seeks to connect entrepreneurs including women entrepreneurs to mentors, incubators and credit markets, foster innovation and entrepreneurial culture, improve ease of doing business and promote a focus on social entrepreneurship.

Demographic challenge

The NSDC has conducted district-vise human resource and skill requirement analysis across the country. The report covers the demographic profile of districts including challenges and aspirations of the youth. The report analyses demographic heterogeneity on parameters viz. population density, gender ratio, literacy rate, livelihood options. Studies have highlighted aspirations of the youth across the country.

Rudy said a sub-group of chief ministers has been constituted by National Institute for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog to suggest measures for strengthening State skill development missions to enhance capacity and improve standards of ‘skilling’ at the State level.

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