Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: India pays tributes to its liberator

PM Narendra Modi on 23 January inaugurated museums dedicated to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and Jallianwala Bagh at the Red Fort complex while many politicians and Indians at large paid glowing tributes to the patriot

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New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Wednesday inaugurated the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose museum at the iconic Red Fort to mark the leader’s 122nd birth anniversary.

The prime minister also inaugurated the Yaad-e-Jallian Museum, (museum on the Jallianwala Bagh and World War I), the Museum on 1857- India’s first war of Independence, and Drishyakala-Museum on Indian Art within the Red Fort complex.

Modi tweeted:

The entire complex of museums will be known as ‘Kranti Mandir’ (temple of revolution) “as a tribute to the revolutionary zeal and courage of our great freedom fighters”, he said in a tweet after the inauguration.

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The museum on Bose and the Indian National Army showcases various artefacts related to Netaji and the INA. The artefacts include wooden chair and sword used by the leader, medals, badges, uniforms and other items related to the INA.

A documentary on Bose and the INA will help visitors understand the vision of the freedom fighter. Actor Abhishek Bachchan has lent his voice for the documentary.

The Yaad-e-Jallian Museum provides an authentic account of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on 13 April 1919.

A replica of the memorial erected at the Jallianwala Bagh has also been placed at the museum.

The museum will further showcase the heroism, valour and sacrifices made by Indian soldiers during the World War I.

A poem penned by Sarojini Naidu on the plight of Indian soldiers who fought the World War I for the British Empire is part of the artefacts at the museum.

The poem, titled ‘The Gift’, describes sacrifices made by 1.5 million Indian soldiers in the First World War.

The Museum on 1857-India’s first war of Independence portrays the historical narrative of war of independence, showcasing the valour and sacrifices made by Indians during the period.

The Drishyakala- Exhibition on Indian Art showcases art works from 16th century till India’s independence. It has paintings by Amrita Shergil and Raja Ravi Varma on display.

The prime minister spent nearly an hour at the museums and shuffled between venues on a golf buggy.

“It was extremely humbling to inaugurate four museums relating to India’s rich history and culture… Museums on Netaji Bose and Azad Hind Fauj are a key part of Kranti Mandir. History echoes from these walls. In this very building, brave sons of India, Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon and Major General Shah Nawaz Khan were put on trial by the colonial rulers,” Modi said in a series of tweets.

The prime minister said art lovers should specially visit Drishyakala, which will take them through the finest aspects of Indian art and culture. There are 4 historical exhibitions, spanning three centuries, with over 450 works of art.

“Works of eminent Indian artists like Raja Ravi Varma, Gurudev Tagore, Amrita Sher-Gil, Abanindranath Tagore, Nandlal Bose, Gaganendranath Tagore, Sailoz Mookherjea amd Jamini Roy are on display at the exhibition,” the PM pointed out.

In an earlier tweet, Modi said he bows to Bose on his birth anniversary. “He was a stalwart who committed himself towards ensuring India is free and leads a life of dignity. We are committed to fulfilling his ideals and creating a strong India,” he wrote.

President Kovind pays tribute to Netaji

President Ram Nath Kovind tweeted saying Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose “remains one of our most beloved national heroes.”

Amit Shah, Chandrababu Naidu, Ashok Gehlot et al bow

Sand artiste remembers Netaji

Sand artiste Sudarshan Pattnaik tweeted the image of a piece of sand art created by his students, commemorating Subhas Chandra Bose at Odisha’s Puri beach.

Jamshedpur, Jharkhand

The iconic Aambagan ground, plagued by encroachments, will be renamed Netaji Subhas Maidan-Aambagan to commemorate the birth anniversary of the freedom fighter on Wednesday.

The nine-decade old ground, which is spread over four acres in Sakchi, is home to a bust of Netaji installed by former Jamshedpur West MLA, the late MP Singh of the BJP, in December 2003.

A Netaji fan’s personal collection

The Telegraph has reported that Dhanbad-based numismatist and philatelist Amrendra Anand, 65, brings out his rare collection related to his icon on every birth anniversary of Netaji.

Anand owns the Rs 2 coin released by the Indian government by mistake a year ahead of Netaji’s birth centenary in 1997, as well as a handwritten letter of Netaji, a badge of Azad Hind Fauj and commemorative postage stamps.

Anand, a retired Life Insurance Corporation of India official, said his most prized possession was one of the Rs 2 error coins made of copper and nickel. “Everyone knows Netaji was born on January 23, 1897. But, Calcutta mint released a Rs 2 commemorative coin on Netaji in 1996 instead of 1997, a year ahead of schedule, with ‘Subhas Chandra Bose – Centenary 1996’ embossed on it. This mistake was extremely rare, possibly the first in independent India,” Anand said.

Neglected in Odisha?

The Times of India has reported that an impressive collection of memorabilia on Netaji Bose is gathering dust in the house of a lawyer at Kendrapara due to lack of government support.

The Netaji Museum of 55-year-old lawyer Mohammad Mustaque houses several rare photos, document, coins, newspaper clippings and other artefacts of the freedom fighter at Badahat village under Kendrapara municipality.

Among the items on display is an old photograph of Netaji with family members of Ashok Banerjee, a lawyer from Cuttack. Taken in 1935, the picture depicts a four-year-old Banerjee sitting on the lap of the freedom fighter.