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PoliticsIndiaList of indigenous defence equipment that Rajnath Singh handed over to army

List of indigenous defence equipment that Rajnath Singh handed over to army

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh today handed over several indigenous equipment and systems to the Indian Army. The most significant among them are the Future Infantry Soldier as a System (F-INSAS), new generation anti-personnel mine ‘Nipun’, rugged and automatic communication system with enhanced capabilities, upgraded sights system for tanks, advanced thermal imagers and state-of-the-art high mobility infantry protected vehicles and assault boats.

The equipment and systems have been jointly developed by the army in collaboration with defence public sector undertakings, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the industry, the Ministry of Defence said.

The defence minister called for infrastructure development based on the latest technology to help the forces remain prepared to deal with future challenges, saying that the logistical needs of the armed forces were increasing with the evolving times.

Indigenous 'soldier system'

Future Infantry Soldier As a System or F-INSAS is India's programme to equip its infantry with state-of-the-art equipment. The army had initially (2015) decided to drop the F-INSAS programme in favour of two separate projects with two components: one to arm the future infantry soldier with the best available assault rifle, carbines and personal equipment, such as helmets and bulletproof vests; the second component is the Battlefield Management Systems. But the latest decision has gone in favour of F-INSAS.

Under the F-INSAS, the infantry soldier gets three primary sub-systems. The first sub-system is the modern state-of-the-art assault rifle, along with day-and-night holographic and reflex sights. The sights come mounted on the and also on the helmet to enable 360-degree visibility and accuracy in operational conditions. In addition to the primary weapon system, every soldier will be equipped also with a multi-mode hand grenade, which is an indigenous procurement too, along with a multipurpose knife, the defence ministry said.

F-INSAS will equip Indian infantry with advanced weaponry, a communication network and instant access to information on the battlefield. This program is similar to the future soldier programs of other nations. F-INSAS includes a fully networked all-terrain, all-weather personal-equipment platform, enhanced firepower and mobility for the digitalised battlefield of the future. The weight carried by soldiers will need to be reduced by at least 50%.

The fully integrated infantry of tomorrow will be equipped with mission-oriented equipment integrated with his buddy soldier team, the sub-unit, as also the overall C4ISTAR represents C4 (command, control, communications, computers) and ISTAR (intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance) system.

Indigenous anti-personnel mine

The Indian Army has been using vintage NMM 14 mines. The Armament Research and Development Establishment, Pune, and the Indian industry have together developed a new Indian mine named Nipun.

This equipment gives enhanced visibility and range to the commanders of armoured columns. In T-90 tanks, the older thermal sights had image intensification systems, which had their limitations and constraints. India Optel Limited-produced thermal imaging sight will overcome these drawbacks.

Anti-personnel mines are a form of mine designed for use against humans, as opposed to anti-tank mines, which are designed for use against vehicles. Anti-personnel mines may be classified into blast mines or fragmentation mines; the latter may or may not be a bounding mine.

The mines are often designed to injure, not kill, their victims to increase the logistical (mostly medical) support required by enemy forces that encounter them. Some types of anti-personnel mines can also damage the tracks on armoured vehicles or the tires of wheeled vehicles.

The International Campaign to Ban Landmines has sought to ban mines culminating in the 1997 Ottawa Treaty, although this treaty has not yet been accepted by a number of countries including the United States, Israel, Russia, China, Pakistan and India.

Solar photovoltaic

The army had in April 2021 launched a solar power plant at Jalandhar Cantonment. It was launched on World Earth Day as a part of the “Go Green” initiative at a cost of Rs 5.16 crore.

One of the most challenging terrains and operational sectors is the Siachen glacier, the highest battlefield in the world. It was only a captive generator supply that met the complete power requirement in the area to operate various equipment. A solar photo-voltaic plant, virtually inaugurated today by the defence minister, has been installed to improve the overall requirements and also address the army's dependence on fossil fuels.

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