India successfully test-fired the powerful K-4 ballistic missile on Sunday, expanding its tactical capability to defeat the enemy. The missile, fired off the coast of Visakhapatnam of Andhra Pradesh, has a range of 3,500 km. It is capable of targeting enemy submarines.
Government sources said K-4 was tested during the day with an underwater platform at sea. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed this missile. The The navy will deploy K-4 in Arihant class nuclear-powered submarines. India will further test the missile before deploying it to nuclear-powered submarines.
The Indian Navy currently has the Arihant as the only nuclear-powered vessel in operation. The K-4 is one of the two underwater missiles that India is preparing for the navy. The second missile is named BO-5. It has a range of 700 km. Pakistan, China and many countries of south Asia are within the reach of the missile that can carry nuclear warheads.
Before K-4 came Pinaka, Agni II
On 20 December, the Pinaka missile was again successfully tested off the Odisha coast by the DRDO. The range of the missile is now 90 km. The Pinaka missile developed by DRDO is capable of attacking enemy territory up to a range of 90 km. Pinaka is named after the bow of Lord Shiva.
The night trial of Agni II, a 2,000-km ballistic missile, was successfully carried out on 17 November. The 21-m long, 1-m-wide, 17-tonne missile, built indigenously, has the capability to carry up to 1,000 kg of explosives.
India boasts of a variety of missiles in terms of utility and range. They include ICBMs, IRBMs, satellite killers, submarine hitters, anti-missile missiles, anti-tank missiles, etc.
From a technical point of view, a ballistic missile is a missile whose launch path is a sub-orbital ballistic path. It is used to fire a weapon (nuclear weapon) at a predetermined target. It is guided only at the initial stage of missile launch. The principles of the arbital mechanic and ballistic principles determine the path after this. A chemical rocket engine carries the missile.
In a DRDO event held in Bengaluru recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that DRDO would have to come up with new innovations to make India self-reliant in the field of defense manufacturing. DRDO’s innovations play a major role in strengthening ‘Make in India’ in promoting a vibrant defence sector in the country.