Wednesday 23 June 2021
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How Indian cities fared in govt’s cleanliness survey

New Delhi: This is the result of the Swachh Sarvekshan 2017, the survey of cleanliness conducted by the Union government across hundreds of cities and towns of the country this year. The tabular presentation below shows the sanitation rankings of cities and towns State- and Union Territory-wise.

S.No State/UT and no.of cities surveyed Cities/Towns with rankings
1 A and N Islands (1) Port Blair-221
2 Andhra Pradesh (32) Visakhapatnam-3, Tirupati-9, Vijayawada-19, Tadipatri-31, Narasaraopeta-40, Kakninada-43, Tenali-44, Rajahmundry-46, Ongole-70, Chittore-71, Nandyal-80, Machilipatnam-83,Eluru-86, Bhimavaram-87, Guntakal-93, Tadepallegudem-97, Chilakaluripeta-107, Guntur-118, Srikakulam-119, Vizianagaram-126, Proddatur-133, Dharmavaram-149, Kadapa-154, Gudivada-156, Kavali-159, Hindupur-160, Nellore-165, Kurnool-176, Anantapuram-213, Srikalahasti-214, Adoni-224, Madanapalle-281
3 Arunachal Pradesh (1) Itanagar-216
4 Assam (4) Guwahaty-134, Nagaon-161, Silchar-280, Dibrugarh-297
5 Bihar (27) Biharsharif-147, Kishanganj-257, Patna-262, Bettiah-270, Hajipur-272, Bhagalpur-275, Sasaram-278, Bodh Gaya-293, Muzaffarpur-304, Jehanabad-307, Buxar-327, Dehri-334, Purnea-342, Motihari-348, Darbhanga-356, Aurangabad-357, Gaya-362, Siwan-376, Arrah-390, Danapur-391, Saharsa-396, Begusarai-404, Jamalpur-414, Munger-415, Chapra-422, Katihar-430, Bagaha-432
6 Chandigarh (1) Chandigarh-11
7 Chattisgarh(8) Ambikapur-15, Bhilai Nagar-54, Durg-85, Raigarh-104, Raipur-129, Rajnandgaon-164, Bilaspur-179, Jagdalpur-232
8 Dadra & Nagar Haveli (1) Silvassa-264
9 Daman & Diu (2) Diu-340, Daman-350
10 NCT of Delhi (5) NDMC-7, Delhi Cantonment-172, East MCD-196, South MCD-202, North MCD-279
11 Gujarat (31) Surat-4, Vadodara-10, Ahmedabad-14, Rajkot-18, Gandhinagar-20, Navsari-25, Vapi-26, Bhavnagar-33, Kalol-34, Jamnagar-35, Jetpur Navagadh-39, Godhra-49, Junagadh-52, Bharuch-60, Dwaraka-66, Gandhidham-67, Nadiad-69, Botad-79, Palanpur-95, Morbi-96, Bhuj-98, Mehsana-99, Veraval-101, Anand-103, Patan-111, Deesa-120, Amreli-123, Valsad-142, Surendranagar Dudhrej-150, Gondal-153, Porbandar-184
12 Goa (1) Panaji-90
13 Haryana (18) Karnal-65, Faridabad-88, Gurugram-112, Panchkula-211, Sonepat-243, Thanesar-253, Jind-265, Sirsa-274, Kaithal-282, Hissar-291, Rohtak-295, Rewari-303, Ambala Sadar-308, Panipat-335, Bhiwani-345, Yamunanagar-346, Bahadurgarh-353, Palwal-397
14 Himachal Pradesh (2) Shimla-47, Kullu-259
15 Jammu & Kashmir (4) Leh-100, Anantnag-197, Srinagar-241,  Jammu-251
16 Jharkhand (9) Chas-41, Jamshedpur-64, Giridh-81, Hazaribagh-91, Deogarh-102, Dhanbad-109, Ranchi-117, Mango-131, Adityapur-144
17 Karnataka (27) Mysuru-5, Mangaluru-63, Udupi-143, Shivmoggar-147, Mandya-148, Tumkuru-152, Gadag Betagiri-167, Hubbali-Dharwad-199, Bagalkot-203, Bengaluru-210,  Bhadravati-217, Ranebennur-220, Chikmagalur-225, Hasan-227, Belgavi-248, Bellary-283, Davanagere-288, Kalaburgai-294, Vijayapura-312, Bidar-315, Hospet-317, Raichur-328, Chitradurga-337, Robertsonpet-347, Kolar-373, Gangavati-381, Badami-388
18 Kerala (9) Kozhikode (Calicut)-254, Kochi (Cochin)-271, Palakkad-286, Guruvayoor-306, Thrissur-324, Kollam-365, Kannur-366, Thiruvananthapuram-372, Alappuza -380
19 Lakshadweep (1) Kavaratti-416
20 Madhya Pradesh (35) Indore-1, Bhopal-2, Ujjain-12, Khargone-17, Jabalpur-21, Sagar-23, Katni-24, Gwalior-27, Omkareshwar-36, Rewa-38, Ratlam-48, Singrauli-51, Chindwara-53, Sehore-55, Dewas-58, Hoshangabad-59, Pithampur-61, Khandwa-73, Mandsaur-74, Satna-75, Korba-77, Betul-78, Chattarpur-92, Nagda-114, Bhind-128, Neemuch-136, Burhanpur-138, Seoni-163, Vidisha-173, Morena-205, Shivpuru-228, Damoh-242, Dabra-260, Guna-266, Datia-289
2 Maharashtra (44) Navi Mumbai-8, Pune-13, Greater Mumbai-29, Shirdi-56, Pimpri Chindwad-72, Chandrapur-76, Ambarnath-89, Solapur-115, Thane-116, Dhule-124, Mira Bhayander-130, Nagpur-137, Vasai Virar-139, Ichalkaranj-141, Nashik-151, Satara-157, Kulgaon Badlapur-158, Jalgaon-162, Panvel-170, Kolhapur-177, Nandurbar-181, Ahmadnagar-183, Nanded Waghala-192, Ulhasnagar-207, Osmanabad-219, Parbhani-229, Yavatmal-230, Amaravati-231, Kalyan-Dombivili-234, Sangli Miraj Kupwad-237, Malegaon-239, Udgir-240, Barshi-287, Akola-296, Aurangabad-299, Beed-302, Achalpur-311, Wardha-313, Latur-318, Gondia-343, Hinganghat-355, Jalna-368, Bhiwandi Nizampur-392, Bhushawal-433
22 Manipur (1) Imphal-122
23 Meghalaya (1) Shillong-276
24 Mizoram (1) Aizawl-105
25 Nagaland (2) Kohima-208, Dimapur-277
26 Odisha (9) Bhubaneswar-94, Rourkela-168, Berhampur-187, Balasore-190, Puri-194, Cuttack-204, Baripada-261, Sambalpur-322, Bhadrak-349
27 Puducherry (2) Puducherry city-189, Ozukarai-206
28 Punjab (16) SAS Nagar-121, Bhatinda-132, Ludhiana-140, Pathankot-188, Firozepur-222, Jalandhar-233, Amritsar-258, Barnala-284, Hoshiarpur-323, Malerkotal-363, Moga-369, Khanna-400, Patiala-411, Batala-418, Abohar-427, Muktsar-428
29 Rajasthan (29) Bundi-171, Sikar-180, Pali-186, Jodhpur-209, Bhilwara-212, Jaipur-215, Ajmer-226, Gangapur City-255, Beawar-285, Jhunjhuni-292, Sujangarh-300, Chittorgarh-301, Udaipur-310, Bikaner-319, Tonk-329, Hanumangarh-332, Kota-341, Baran-354, Sawai Madhopur-358, Ganganagar-359, Alwar-364, Hindaun-367, Bhaaratpur-371, Nagaur-384, Dhaulpur-387, Jhalawar-402, Bhiwadi-403, Churu-405, Kishangarh-419
30 Sikkim (1) Gangtok-50
31 Tamil  Nadu (28) Tiruchirapally-6, Coikbattore-16, Kumbakonam-37, Erode-42, Madurai-57, Tambaram-62, Tiruppur-68, Hosur-82, Vellankini-84, Dindigul-106, Vellore-108, Karaikkudi-110, Puthukottai-113, Rajapalayam-125, Kanchipuram-127, Salem-135, Pallavarm-155, Avadi-169, Nagercoil-174, Nagapattinam-185, Thirunelveli-193, Thanjavur-198, Thuthukkudi-223, Greater Chennai-235, Thiruvannamalai-238, Cudalore-250, Ambur-267, Rameswaram-268
32 Telangana (12) Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation-22, Warangal-28, Suryapet-30, Siddipeta-45, Nizamabad-178, Miryalaguda-182, Ramagundam-191, Adilabad-195, Nalgonda-200, Karimnagar-201, Khammam-236, Mahboobnagar-249
33 Tripura (1) Agartala-290
34 Uttarakhand (6) Rourkee-218, Haridwar-244, Kashipur-256, Dehradun-316, Nainital-330, Haldwani-Kotgodam-395
35 Uttar Pradesh (62) Varanasi-32, Aligarh-145, Jhansi-166, Kanpur-175, Sahranpur-245, Jaunpur-246, Allahabad-247, Ayodhya-252, Agra-263, Lucknow-269, Orai-273, Bareilly-298, Chandausi-305, Sultanpur-309, Gorakhpur-314, Lalitpur-320, Moradabad-321, Rudrapur-325, Shamli-326, Loni-331, Akbarpur-333, Etawah-336, Deoria-338, Meerut-339, Muzaffarnagar-344, Ghaziabad-351, Mathura-352, Modinagar-360, Ballia-361, Maunath Bhanjan-370, Pilibhit-374, Firozabad-375, Farukhabad-377,Sambhal-378, Mainpuri-379, Mughalsarai-382, Faizabad-383, Banda-385, Basti-386, Mirzaput-389, Amroha-393, Raibareily-394, Azamgarh-398, Rampur-399, Sikohabad-401, Etah-406, Sitapur-407, Hathras-408, Kasganj-409, Lakhimpur-410, Fatehpur-412, Ghazipur-413, Unnao-417, Badaun-420, Baraut-421, Bulandshahr-423, Hapur-424, Khurja-425, Shahjahanpur-426, Bahraich-429, Hardoi-431 and Gonda-434.

 

Results and conclusions of the survey show that the top 10 clean cities of India in 2017 are Indore, Bhopal, Visakhapatnam, Surat, Mysuru, Tiruchirapally, New Delhi Municipal Council, Navi Mumbai, Tirupati and Vadodara.

The performance of these top 10 clean cities of India in sanitation surveys of 2016 and 2014 are presented in the following table.

S.No City Rank in 2017 (434 AMRUT cities/towns surveyed) Rank in 2016 (73 Million plus population cities and capitals surveyed) Rank in 2014 (476 cities/towns surveyed)
1 Indore 1 25 149
2 Bhopal 2 21 105
3 Visakhapatnam 3 5 205
4 Surat 4 6 63
5 Mysuru 5 1 1
6 Tiruchirapally 6 3 2
7 NDMC 7 4 15
8 Navi Mumbai 8 12 3
9 Tirupati 9 Not surveyed 137
10 Vadodara 10 13 214

 

Six of the top 10 clean cities of 2017, namely Indore, Bhopal, Visakhapatnam, Surat, Tirupati and Vadodara have improved their sanitation rankings in 2017 over the 2016 and 2014 rankings.

The bottom 10 clean cities/towns  of India in 2017 are Gonda (Uttar Pradesh) – 434, Bhusawal (Maharashtra) – 433, Bagaha (Bihar) – 432, Hardoi (Uttarakhand) – 431, Katihar (Bihar) – 430, Bahraich (Uttar Pradesh) – 429, Muktsar (Punjab) – 428, Abohar (Punjab) – 427, Shahjahanpur (Uttar Pradesh) – 426 and Khurja (Uttar Pradesh) – 425.

Four of the bottom 10 clean cities are from Uttar Pradesh, 2 each from Bihar and Punjab and 1 each from Uttarakhand and Maharashtra. These 10 cities were not surveyed in 2016.

A comparison of rankings of bottom 10 cities of 2017 with that of 2014:

S.No City/Town 2017 ranking 2014 ranking
1 Gonda (UP) 434 151
2 Bhusawal (Maharashtra) 432 267
3 Bagaha (Bihar) 431 453
4 Hardoi (Uttarakhand) 430 235
5 Katihar (Bihar) 429 385
6 Bahraich (UP) 428 449
7 Muktsar (Punjab) 427 384
8 Abohar (Punjab) 426 420
9 Shahjahanpur (UP) 425 425
10 Khurja (UP) 424 366

 

While Bagaha and Bahraich have improved their rankings from 2014, Shajahanpur stayed where it was while the other 7 have slipped from 2014.

The composition of the top and bottom 50 rankings: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh account for 31 of the top 50 clean cities with 12 in Gujarat, 11 in MP and 8 in AP. Telangana and Tamil Nadu account for 4 cities each in top 50, followed by Maharashtra with 3.

Chandigarh, Chattisgarh, Delhi, HP, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Sikkim and UP account for one city each in top 50 clean cities of the country.

While 14 States and Union Territories find a place among the top 50 clean cities, competition is not so much for a place in bottom 50, with UP alone accounting for 25 of the bottom 50 towns.

Rajasthan and Punjab have 5 towns each in the bottom 50, followed by Maharashtra-2 and one each from Haryana, Karnataka and Lakshadweep.

Out of the 62 cities and towns surveyed in Uttar Pradesh in 2017, 41 of them figure among the bottom 100 cities/towns.

Surprises of 2017 Sanitation Survey: Jharkhand and Chattisgarh have emerged as the major success stories in Swachh Sarvekshan 2017.

While all the 9 cities/towns of Jharkhand surveyed in 2017 have substantially improved their rankings over that of 2016 and 2014, 7 of 8 in Chattisgarh have achieved this feat.

Comparison of Swachh rankings of cities and towns in Jharkhand:

City/Town 2017 ranking among 434 cities/towns 2017 ranking among 72 million plus population cities/towns 2016 rankings of 73 million plus Cities/capitals Surveyed 2014 rankings of 476 cities/towns
Chas 41 Not applicable Not applicable 371
Jamshedpur 64 26 66 109
Giridh 81 NA Not applicable 298
Hazaribagh 91 NA Not applicable 325
Deogarh 102 NA Not applicable Not surveyed
Dhanbad 109 33 72 343
Ranchi 117 36 62 223
Mango 131 NA Not applicable 284
Adityapur 144 NA Not surveyed 404

 

Comparison of swachh rankings of cities/towns in Chattisgarh:

City/Town 2017 ranking 2017 ranking among 72 million plus cities 2016 ranking among 73 million plus cities surveyed 2014 ranking among 476 cities/towns surveyed
Ambikapur 15 Not applicable Not applicable 464
Bhilainagar 54   “ 379
Durg 85 28 46 170
Raigarh 104  Not applicable Not applicable 294
Raipur 129 38 68 293
Rajnandgaon 164 Not applicable Not applicable 399
Bilaspur 179  “ 95
Jagdalpur 232 394

 

So, while Gujarat, MP, Andhra Pradesh continued their good work scoring well  in Sanitation Rankings of 2017, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh emerge as the major success stories given sanitation levels in 2016 and 2014 with substantial improvement.

How did Delhi fare over the years?

Urban Local Body 2017 ranking among

434 cities/towns

2017 ranking among 72 million-plus cities 2016 rankings of 73 million-plus population cities surveyed 2014 rankings of 476 cities/towns surveyed
NDMC 7 7 4 15
Delhi Cant 172 Not applicable Not applicable 14
East MCD 196 45 52 397
South MCD 202 47 39 397
North MCD 279 65 53 397

 

-NDMC and the three Municipal Corporations of East, South and North have significantly improved over 2014 Sanitation Rankings, Delhi Cantonment have reported substantial decline.

While East and South MCDs have improved over 2016 rankings, NDMC has slipped marginally.

Matters of concern:

UP: 50 of the 62 cities/towns surveyed in 2017 are ranked 305 and below among the 434 cities/towns surveyed. 41 cities and towns are among the bottom 100 cities. Varanasi is the only saving grace with a rank of 32.

Bihar: 19 of 27 cities and towns surveyed in 2017 are ranked beyond 300 with best rank in the State being 147 for Biharsharif. 15 of these 27 cities are among the bottom 100.

Rajasthan: 18 of 29 cities/towns surveyed in 2017 are ranked beyond 300 and 13 are among the bottom 100. Best Rank for the State being 171 for Bundi.

Kerala: Of the 9 cities surveyed in 2017, best rank for the State is 254 for Kozhikode (Calicut) and four are among the bottom 100.

Punjab: Of the 16 cities/towns surveyed in 2017, best rank for the State is 121 for SAS Nagar and 7 among the bottom 100 ranks.

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