India continues to top the OECD list of educated emigrants since 2015/16 with more than three million highly educated migrants in the OECD, the share of those considered of high education status was nearly 65%
There are around 120 million migrants living in OECD member countries, data reveal. Thirty to 35% of these migrants are highly educated, meaning they have received vocational or academic training. Among the most common birth countries for highly educated migrants, these shares are a lot higher, though.
OECD stands for “Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development”.
For India, the share of those considered highly educated was nearly 65%. China had a rate of 48.6% highly educated migrants in the OECD — or 2.25 million.
The Philippines come in rank 3, behind the world’s two biggest countries and ahead of a list of OECD nations, naturally trading highly educated personnel back and forth with each other, especially within Europe. 53.3% of Filipino immigrants to the OECD are considered highly educated, which brings the total to almost 1.9 million for a country of just over 100 million inhabitants. In a paper on the Philippines, the International Labor Organization finds that many of those high skilled migrants – to OECD countries and elsewhere – were health care professionals, especially nurses. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, the Philippines government has put a stop to this brain drain at least temporarily by capping the deployment of newly hired nurses at 5,000 a year.
Around half of Filipino migrants in the OECD chose the United States, forming one of the most important migration corridors identified by the OECD, behind Mexican and Indian immigration to the United States and ahead of Polish immigration to Germany.
But if educated, as well as semi-educated or uneducated among the migrants, are counted, India slips to the second position. India emerged as the second-largest source country both in terms of the “total” inflow of new migrants to OECD countries during 2018 and also as regards the number of Indians acquiring citizenship of these countries according to a report last month. While China continued to retain its top slot as the largest source country as of October 2020, India replaced Romania to emerge as the second-largest source. During 2018, about 4.3 lakh Chinese migrated to OECD countries, accounting for nearly 6.5% of the total migration inflows.
However, there was a slight decline of 1% as compared to the previous year. On the other hand, migration from India to OECD countries increased sharply by 10% and reached 3.3 lakh. Migration from India represents about 5% of the overall migration to OECD countries. While Canada saw a huge spike in numbers, others such as Germany and Italy also saw more arrivals as compared to the previous year.