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Economy India's livestock population 512.05 m: Census

India’s livestock population 512.05 m: Census

Decrease of 3.33% over the previous census


The total livestock population consisting of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, horses & ponies, mules, donkeys, camels, mithun and yak in the country is 512.05 million numbers in 2012. The total livestock population has decreased by about 3.33% over the previous census.

Livestock population has increased substantially in Gujarat (15.36%), Uttar Pradesh (14.01%), Assam (10.77%), Punjab (9.57%), Bihar (8.56%), Sikkim (7.96%), Meghalaya (7.41%) and Chhattisgarh (4.34%).

The number of milch animals (in-milk and dry), cows and buffaloes, has increased from 111.09 million to 118.59 million, an increase of 6.75%.

The number of animals in milk, cows and buffaloes, has increased from 77.04 million to 80.52 million showing a growth of 4.51%.

The female cattle (cows) population has increased by 6.52% over the previous census (2007) and the total number of female cattle in 2012 is 122.9 million numbers.

The female buffalo population has increased by 7.99% over the previous census and the total number of female buffalo is 92.5 million numbers in 2012.

The exotic/crossbred milch cattle increased from 14.4 million to 19.42 million, an increase of 34.78%.

Indigenous milch cattle increased from 48.04 million to 48.12 million, an increase of 0.17%.

The milch buffaloes  increased from 48.64 million to 51.05 million with an increase of 4.95% over previous census.

The total sheep in the country is 65.06 million numbers in 2012, declined by about 9.07% over census 2007.

The goat population has declined by 3.82%over the previous census and the total Goat in the country is 135.17 million numbers in 2012.

Pigs in the country have decreased by 7.54% over the previous census and the total pigs in the country are 10.29 million numbers in 2012.

Horses and ponies’ population has increased by 2.08%over the previous census and the total horses and ponies in the country is 0.62 million numbers in 2012.

Total mules in the country have increased by 43.34% over the previous census and the total mules in the country are 0.19 million numbers in 2012.

Camel population has decreased by 22.48% over the previous census and the total camels in the country is 0.4 million numbers in 2012.

The total donkey population in the country have decreased by 27.22% over the previous census and the total donkeys in the country are 0.32 million numbers in 2012.

The total poultry population in the country has increased by 12.39% over the previous census and the total poultry in the country is 729.2 millionnumbers in 2012.

The total mithun and yak in the country has registered a growth rates of 12.98% and -7.64% respectively over the previous census and the mithuns and yaks in the country is 0.29 million and 0.07 million in numbers respectively.

ALL INDIA LIVESTOCK CENSUS (in thousands)

CATEGORY 

2007

2012

% Change

Cattle

     

  Exotic/Crossbred

     

         Male

6,844

5,971

-12.75

         Female

26,216

33,760

28.78

  Total Exotic/Crossbred

33,060

39,732

20.18

  Indigenous

     

         Male

76,779

61,949

-19.32

         Female

89,236

89,224

-0.01

  Total Indigenous

1,66,015

1,51,172

-8.94

Total Cattle

1,99,075

1,90,904

-4.10

Buffalo

     

         Male

19,597

16,103

-17.83

         Female

85,745

92,599

7.99

Total Buffalo

1,05,342

1,08,702

3.19

Yaks

     

         Male

38

35

-7.62

         Female

45

42

-7.65

Total Yaks

83

77

-7.64

Mithuns

     

         Male

127

129

1.57

         Female

137

169

23.36

Total Mithuns

264

298

12.88

 

     

Bovine

     

         Male

1,03,385

84,187

-18.57

         Female

2,01,379

2,15,794

7.16

Total Bovines

3,04,764

2,99,981

-1.57

Sheep

     

  Exotic/Crossbred

     

         Male

1,144

1,207

5.51

         Female

2,586

2,574

-0.46

  Total Exotic/Crossbred

3,730

3,781

1.37

  Indigenous

     

         Male

16,730

13,916

-16.82

         Female

51,098

47,372

-7.29

  Total Indigenous

67,828

61,288

-9.64

Total Sheep

71,558

65,069

-9.07

Goat

     

         Male

40,793

37,617

-7.79

         Female

99,744

97,556

-2.19

Total Goat

1,40,537

1,35,173

-3.82

Horses & Ponies

     

         Male

336

350

4.17

         Female

276

275

-0.36

Total Horses & Ponies

612

625

2.12

Mules

     

Total Mules

137

196

43.07

Donkey

     

         Male

227

186

-18.06

         Female

211

133

-36.97

Total Donkeys

438

319

-27.17

Camels

     

         Male

243

191

-21.40

         Female

274

210

-23.36

Total Camels

517

400

-22.63

Pigs

     

  Exotic/Crossbred

     

         Male

1,209

1,283

6.12

         Female

1,180

1,174

-0.51

  Total Exotic/Crossbred

2,389

2,456

2.80

  Indigenous

     

         Male

4,134

3,681

-10.96

         Female

4,610

4,156

-9.85

  Total Indigenous

8,744

7,837

-10.37

Total Pigs

11,133

10,294

-7.54

TOTAL LIVESTOCK

5,29,696

5,12,057

-3.33

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