New Delhi: The Elsevier Report 2016 based on SCOPUS database says that India’s research performance in science and technology has improved significantly over the past years. Minister of State in the Ministry of Science & Technology and Earth Sciences YS Chowdary informed the Rajya Sabha of the above in a written reply to a question today.
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A recent study prepared by Elsevier for the UK’s Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) and based on Scopus data, shows that India has achieved substantial growth in research articles output, increasing from 54 thousand in 2008 to 93 thousand in 2012 at an annualized growth rate of 14.4%. This is a rate higher than that of China (10.9%), Brazil (7.9%), Russia (1.9%) and the U.K. (2.9%).
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The scholarly output in the field of science and technology has grown at a rate of 13.9% as against the world average growth rate of 4.1% during 2009-13, the minister said.
India’s global citation impact in scientific research has increased to 0.75 during 2009-13 from 0.68 during 2006-10, whereas world average citation impact stands at 1.0. India’s scholarly output increased to 1,06,065 papers in 2013 from 62,955 papers in 2009.
Volume and global share of publications
- India’s scientific research output has shown a significant rising trend over the past few years, research papers publication increased by 68% from 62,955 in 2009 to 106,065 in 2013.
- In 2013, India produced more research papers than Italy, Canada, Spain, Australia, Korea, Sweden, Singapore and other BRICS countries except China.
- India’s global share in scientific research publications increased from 3.1% in 2009 to 4.4% in 2013.
- In 2013, India’s share in global research output by subject areas was highest in pharmacology and toxicology (13.5%) followed by chemistry (7.1%), chemical engineering (6.4%), material science (5.4%), environmental science (5.4%), veterinary sciences (5.4%) and physics & astronomy (5.2%).
- India’s scientific research publications grew by 13.9% (CAGR) as compared to 4.1% for the world during 2009-13.
Research disciplines and national output
- India’s volume of research publications by discipline was highest in medicine, engineering, physics & astronomy and chemistry in year 2013.
- Publication share in national output by discipline in 2013 was highest in medicine (20.5%) followed by engineering (19.9%), physics and astronomy (14.3%), chemistry (14%), computer science(13.5%), biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (13.1%) and material science (12.1%).
- During 2009-13, high growth rate (CAGR) of research publication was observed in pharmacology & toxicology (17.3%), medicine (16.9%), computer science (16.7%), biochemistry, genetics & molecular biology (15.3%), engineering (14.5%). While chemistry observed a growth rate of 7.9%.