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Sunday 17 November 2019
India Hindu side cites archaeology to rebut Muslim claim to...

Hindu side cites archaeology to rebut Muslim claim to Ayodhya

The counsel for deity Ram Lalla said the excavated materials are a "proof beyond doubt" about the existence of the structure beneath the demolished mosque in Ayodhya


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Hindu parties asserted in the Supreme Court today that claims of the Muslim side over the 2.77 acre land in the Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid title dispute are belied from the excavated materials that suggest the existence of a “massive structure” beneath the demolished mosque.

The counsel for deity Ram Lalla said the excavated materials are a “proof beyond doubt” about the existence of the structure beneath the demolished mosque in Ayodhya while rebutting the claim of Muslim parties about the existence of an Islamic structure.

The advocate stated that from the pillar bases, artefacts, circular shrine, intersecting brickbat walls found in the excavation, an inference can be drawn that the massive structure was a temple and not any Islamic structure.

A five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi was told by Senior Advocate C S Vaidyanathan, appearing for deity Ram Lalla, that the contention of the Muslim parties about a structure beneath the disputed site being an idgah wall or an Islamic structure was not correct.

“First their case was that there was no structure at all. Secondly, they said it was an Islamic structure or an idgah wall. We say that it was a temple which was demolished and the pillar bases found during excavation also suggest to this effect,” Vaidyanathan said in his rejoinder arguments.

“That there was a massive structure beneath is proof beyond doubt,” he said.


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Senior advocate Rajeev Dhavan, appearing for Muslim parties, said that as per the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) report there is no conclusive proof or findings of destruction of a temple. “There is no finding in the ASI report that there was a destruction of a structure. There is no proof of destruction at all in the ASI report,” he said.

Vaidyanathan told the bench, also comprising Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer, that it is the case of Hindu parties that inference can be drawn from the excavated materials which include circular shrines, pillar bases, artefacts, intersecting brickbat walls and others that it was a temple.

“The walls found in the excavation are not ordinary walls. There is an indication of a massive structure which was a public place. It was not a private residence. In the conclusion ASI has drawn, they have suggested the existence of a massive structure and taking all this into account, it seems to be a nature of a temple,” he said, adding that it was a place of significance for Hindus, who worshipped there for centuries.

At the outset, Vaidyanathan said that intersecting walls have inscriptions of some Shlokas and Makar Paranala which is considered the vehicle of Goddess Ganga. “These are some features in the walls of a traditional Hindu temple built between 10 and 11th century,” he said, adding that even the pillar bases found during excavation show that the claims of Muslim parties that it was an Islamic structure was only a conjecture. He said the reasonable inference drawn is that it is the faith and belief that there was a Hindu temple.

Interrupting Vaidyanathan, the bench said that faith and belief about the Hindus cannot be disputed but now in evidence, what is there to establish the existence of a temple.

The 36th day of hearing also saw the top court restraining the Hindu parties from placing or relying on any new materials saying it won’t allow at this stage to place any new pieces of evidence.

“Just because a five-judge Constitution bench is sitting you cannot bring any new materials at this stage. The constitution bench is hearing this case because of the importance and sensitivity of the matter,” the bench told senior advocate P N Mishra, appearing for one of the Hindu parties, who tried to place some scriptures on record to suggest that Hindus used to worship the place as Lord Rama Janmsthan.

The bench restrained Mishra from placing any materials and curtailed his arguments asking another senior advocate Shushil Kumar Jain to continue his arguments.

Dhavan periodically raised objections when advocates for the Hindu parties tried to bring out some new facts and materials to counter the arguments of the opposing sides.

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