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Thursday 9 July 2020

Hindi is spontaneous: Prime Minister Modi

Hindi Divas is celebrated on 14 September because on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said the Hindi language has beautifully incorporated simplicity, spontaneity and elegance that provide meaningfulness to expression. Greeting people on this occasion, the prime minister tweeted in Hindi, “The simplicity, spontaneity and elegance of a language provide meaningfulness to expression. Hindi has incorporated all of these aspects beautifully”.

This day is observed to mark the decision of the Constituent Assembly to extend official language status to Hindi on this day in 1949. This day was first observed in 1953.

Hindi Divas is celebrated on 14 September because on this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India. But this didn’t come as easily as it sounds. To this end, several stalwarts rallied and lobbied pan-India in favor of Hindi, most notable person Beohar Rajendra Simha along with Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das who even debated in Parliament on this issue. As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on 14 September 1949, the efforts came to fruition following adoption of Hindi as the official language. This decision was ratified by the Constitution of India that came into effect on 26 January 1950. Under the Article 343 of the Indian Constitution, the language written in Devanagari script was adopted as the official language. In all, there are 22 Scheduled languages of India, of which, two are officially used at Union government of India level: Hindi and English. The language is spoken by 250 million people as the original language and it is the fourth language of the world.

Ministry of Home Affairs, in its order dated 25 March 2015, had changed name of two awards given annually on this day. Indira Gandhi Rajbhasha Puraskar instituted in 1986 changed to Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar changed to Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar.

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