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HomeEducationFlood and drought resistant crops developed

Flood and drought resistant crops developed

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New Delhi — The National Agricultural Research System (NARS) comprising Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and State Agricultural Universities has developed flood/drought tolerant crop varieties for different regions of the country. The details are given below.

Important flood and drought tolerant varieties/hybrids of different crops

Crop Varieties/hybrids
              Deep water/submergence/ water logging tolerance
Swarna Sub-1, Sambha Mahsuri Sub-1, Varshadhan, Gayatri, Sarla, Pooja, Prateeksha, Durga, JalaMani, CR Dhan 505, CR Dhan 502, Jalnidhi, Neerja, Jaladhi 1, Jaladhi 2, Hemavathi
Maize HM-5, Seed Tech-2324, HM-10, PMH-2
Sugarcane Co 98014 (Karan-1), Co 0239, Co 0118, Co 0238, Co 0233,  Co 05009
Jute JRO 7835, JRO 878,  JRC 321, JRC 7447, JRC 532, JRC-517, Bidhan Pat-1
Drought tolerance
Sahabhagi Dhan, Vandana, Anjali, Satyabhama, DRR Dhan 42 (IR64 Drt 1), DRR Dhan 43, Birsa Vikas Dhan 203, Birsa Vikas Dhan 111, Rajendra Bhagwati, Jaldi Dhan 6
Wheat PBW 527, HI 1531, HI 8627, HD 2888,  HPW 349, PBW 644, WH 1080, HD 3043, PBW 396,  K 9465, K 8962, MP 3288, HD 4672, NIAW 1415, HD 2987
Maize Pusa Hybrid Makka 1, HM 4, Pusa Hybrid Makka 5, DHM 121,  Buland,
Sorghum CSH 19 R, CSV 18, CSH 15R
Pearl Millet HHB 67 improved, GHB 757, GHB 719, Dhanshakti, HHB 234, Mandor Bajra Composite 2, HHB-226, RHB-177, Pusa Composite 443,
Barley RD 2660, K603
Chickpea Vijay, Vikas, RSG 14, RSG 888, ICCV 10, Pusa 362, Vijay
Groundnut Ajaya, Girnar 1, TAG-24, Kadiri 6, ICGV 91114
Soybean NRC 7, JS 95-60
Sugarcane Co 98014 (Karan-1), Co 0239, Co 0118, Co 0238, Co 06927, Co 0403, Co 86032
Cotton HD 324, CICR-1, Raj DH 7, Jawahar Tapti, Pratap Kapi,  Suraj, Surabhi, Veena, AK 235,
Jute JBO 1 (Sudhangsu), JRO 204, JRO 524, JRC 80

The seeds of flood/drought tolerant varieties of different crops are made available to the farmers in the area/state/region of recommendation. Besides, under technology demonstration component of National Initiative on Resilient Agriculture some of these varieties are also demonstrated to farmers in various flood/drought prone regions of the country.

The ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Tripura Centre
The ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Tripura Centre

This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Rajya Sabha on 31 July.

The availability of quality seeds for farmers during the last three years against the requirement is as follows:

Quantity in Lakh Quintals

Year Requirement Availability
2012-13 315.19 328.58
2013-14 335.26 347.31
2014-15 343.56 351.77

Systematic breeder seed production programme is taken up by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) and certified/quality seed production programme is taken up by the National Seeds Corporation Ltd. (NSC), the State Seeds Corporations, the State Department of Agriculture, State Seed Farms, State Agricultural Universities Farms, Krishak Bharati Cooperative Ltd. (KRIBHCO), Private Firms etc. for ensuring the supply of quality seeds to farmers.

This information was given by the same minister in Rajya Sabha yesterday.

Balyan also informed the House that the ICAR’s Indian Institute of Research, Hyderabad, has identified three rice varieties with low glycemic index (GI) values which are considered suitable for diabetic patients. These varieties are: Lalat (GI=53.17), BPT 5204 (GI=51.42) and Sampada (GI=51).

Any variety of with ≤ 55 GI is considered as diabetic friendly. Presently, these varieties are under cultivation in different states of India.

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