Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director Christopher Wray has said that the Chinese government’s acts of espionage and theft pose the “greatest long-term threat” to the future of the US. Speaking at an institute in Washington, Wray described a multi-pronged disruption campaign by China.
The FBI director said China had begun targeting Chinese nationals living abroad, coercing their return, and was working to compromise US coronavirus research. “The stakes could not be higher,” Wray said, adding: “China is engaged in a whole-of-state effort to become the world’s only superpower by any means necessary,” he added.
In a nearly hour-long speech on 7 July, the FBI director outlined a stark picture of Chinese interference, a far-reaching campaign of economic espionage, data and monetary theft and illegal political activities, using bribery and blackmail to influence US policy. “We’ve now reached a point where the FBI is now opening a new China-related counterintelligence case every 10 hours,” Wray said. “Of the nearly 5,000 active counterintelligence cases currently underway across the country, almost half are related to China,” said the FBI director.
Wray said that President of China Xi Jinping had spearheaded a programme called “Fox Hunt”, geared at Chinese nationals living abroad seen as threats to the Chinese government. “We’re talking about political rivals, dissidents, and critics seeking to expose China’s extensive human rights violations,” he said. “The Chinese government wants to force them to return to China, and China’s tactics to accomplish that are shocking,” the FBI director affirmed.
Wray continued: “When it couldn’t locate one Fox Hunt target, the Chinese government sent an emissary to visit the target’s family here in the United States. The message they said to pass on? The target had two options: return to China promptly, or commit suicide.”
This is not the first time FBI Director Christopher Wray identified China as a “top intelligence threat” for the US, but on 7 July he ramped up the criticism, focussing on Beijing’s “whole-of-state effort” to become the world’s only superpower.
The speech signals that Washington DC now sees Beijing not only as an aggressive adversary, but also an ambitious contender for global leadership.Since the COVID-19 outbreak in the US, the Donald Trump administration has made its anger with China for its initial response to coronavirus, economic espionage to Hong Kong’s new national security law amply clear.
Wray’s remarks are among a series of hard-hitting speeches by senior US officials on the topic.
The Trump administration says it’s now time to wake up from the 40 years of policy failures with regard to China while his critics see this as an attempt to deflect attention from the president’s ‘failures’ in office and to increase his chances of winning re-election.