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PoliticsIndiaExplainer: Why Pitbull, Rottweiler, Dogo Argentino have been banned in Ghaziabad

Explainer: Why Pitbull, Rottweiler, Dogo Argentino have been banned in Ghaziabad

As incidents of dog attacks on are increasing at an alarming rate, Uttar Pradesh authorities have banned three of the breeds in Ghaziabad: Pitbull, Rottweiler And Dogo Argentino. These three breeds are considered very aggressive and dangerous, amid reports that certain dogs of these breeds have mauled people to death.

The civic body issued a host of other guidelines on Saturday for pet owners according to which they will have to get a for their dogs, which will be issued from 1 November and no family can keep more than one pet dog.

BJP leader and Ghaziabad Municipal Council councillor Sanjay Singh said yesterday, “The three breeds — Pitbull, Rottweiler and Dogo Argentino — are ferocious (khoonkhar), and no permission will be granted to keep these dogs. No will be issued. If somebody buys one of these, he/she will be responsible. All these three breeds have been banned in Ghaziabad.”

Why Pitbulls, Rottweilers and Dogo Argentino are considered dangerous breeds

The main reason behind the on dog breeds — Pitbulls, Rottweilers and Dogo Argentino — is the danger many feel due to their sheer strength and frequency of their attacks on strangers, which have claimed the lives of multiple people in the past few months.

According to studies, dogs like Pitbulls and Rottweilers have been “bred differently” to make them more aggressive in fights. The dogs are reportedly bred with the intention of making them more dangerous and giving them more muscle strength.

Some experts have said that these breeds have a strong perception of danger and can immediately go into attack mode. Many believe that due to the extreme breeding conditions of these dogs, their mental is disturbed and in turn, they become more aggressive.

Earlier, the Kanpur Municipal Corporation (KMC) and the Panchkula Municipal Corporation banned the Pitbull and rottweiler breeds of dogs as pets within the city limits. Now, the Uttar Pradesh administration has also set a new rule for dog owners in Ghaziabad.

Importantly, this ban could be imposed only by government authorities. Some resident welfare associations had imposed bans on all dog breeds in certain apartments in Noida, but the local civic administration overruled it.

Differences, similarities between administration of pets in India, other countries

While Western countries consider a dog's aggression towards strangers a result of bad training, keeping pet dogs constrained and well-behaved has yet to turn into a widespread culture among dog owners in India. More importantly, the US and EU member states penalise pet owners heavily if the pets attack people or other pets. This acts as a deterrent, making pet owners train their dogs well to stay docile unless provoked.

Nevertheless, the following countries have imposed complete bans on Pitbulls:

  • Singapore: 1991, Pitbulls allowed at home, banned from entering the country
  • Netherlands: 1993, complete Pitbull ban
  • Poland: 1997, laws about fencing and reinforcements for Pitbulls
  • France: 2000, a complete ban on Pitbulls, with the intention the breed expires from the country
  • Germany: 2001, complete Pitbull ban
  • Puerto Rico: 2001, complete Pitbull ban
  • New Zealand: 2003, Pitbulls were banned from entering the country
  • Italy: 2004, complete Pitbull ban
  • Australia: 2009, Pitbulls were banned from entering the country
  • Ecuador: 2009, Pitbulls were banned as domestic animals or pets
  • Denmark: 2010, complete Pitbulls ban and a ban on breeding
  • Venezuela: 2014, complete Pitbull ban

A study by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2000 concluded that fatal attacks on humans appeared to be a breed-specific problem (Pitbull–type dogs and Rottweilers accounted for half of all fatal dog attacks on humans between 1979 and 1998). However, they also concluded that fatal attacks represent a small proportion of dog bite injuries to humans and suggested that there may be better alternatives for prevention of dog bites than breed-specific ordinances. Given many media sources reported that this study suggested that Pitbull–type dogs and Rottweilers are disproportionately more dangerous than other dog breeds, the Veterinary Medical Association, whose journal published the original article, released a statement detailing that this study "cannot be used to infer any breed specific risk for dog bite fatalities" (for lack of sufficient data on total breed ownership).

Ecuador and the Bermuda Islands have both banned Rottweilers as pets because they deem them to be territorial and potentially dangerous. Other countries such as Ireland, Portugal, Romania and Singapore have also placed restrictions on the ownership of this breed.

The Dogo Argentino is banned or has ownership restrictions in certain countries, including the Cayman Islands, Denmark, Norway, Fiji, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Hong Kong and Turkey. In the UK, under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, it is illegal to own a Dogo Argentino without lawful authority.

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