From 1 April, Indian fuel pumps will start venting the world’s cleanest petrol and diesel. Government oil companies will supply Euro VI grade diesel and petrol across the country that day onwards.
India has achieved this refinement of the said petroleum products in just three years. No major economy in the world has done this. India now enters the league of a select group of countries where vehicles run on Euro VI.
As per the Euro VI standard, there are 10 parts per million of sulphur. This cuts down vehicle emissions, which is one of the causes of pollution in major cities.
From 1 April 2018, government oil companies in Delhi and NCR, four contiguous districts of Rajasthan, eight of Uttar Pradesh including Agra, had been selling BS-VI (Bharat Standard 6) grade diesel and petrol. It began in seven districts of Haryana in October 2019.
BS-VI is equivalent to the European standard Euro IV.
In 2015, the government had decided to implement the Euro VI emission norms from 1 April this year onwards.
Air pollution levels are very high in many big cities of the country. Usually, it remains above the dangerous level. Therefore, clean fuel has been introduced in the national capital before applying the standard to other parts of the country. Experts say the start of sale of Euro-VI petrol and diesel will reduce the level of pollution significantly.
Sanjeev Singh, chairman of Indian Oil Corp (IOC), the largest company supplying fuel through more than 50% of the petrol pumps in the country, says that production of low sulphur petrol and diesel started towards the end of 2019. Oil companies have now almost completed the difficult task of replacing every drop of fuel in the country with new ones.
The change will reduce NOx in BS-VI compliant vehicles by 25% in petrol-run vehicles and 70% in their diesel-run counterparts.