New Delhi: On Friday, the Delhi restored a trial over claims of copyright infringement from photocopying of study materials for (DU) . The charges of violation of copyright by DU’s Rameshwari Photocopy Service was dismissed by justice Rajiv Sahan Endlaw in September saying there is no copyright infringement. But the bench of justice Pradeep Nandrajog and Yogesh Khanna said the case raises a “triable issue”.
The owner of the photocopy service shop, Dharam Pal Singh, said there was no reason for the preparation of a course pack beyond the curriculum. He said the course pack had only readings the professors require or recommend; only important sections of the published books were photocopied.
“We declare that the law in India would not warrant an approach to answer the question by looking at whether the course pack has become a textbook, but by considering whether the inclusion of the copyrighted work in the course pack was justified by the purpose of the course pack,” the bench said.
Dharam Pal said the students needed course packs because some books are limited by “availability, price and circulation”. He said they are preserving data of some books last published more than half a century ago, and that some of the books cost more than2000.
The High Court said it needed “expert evidence” to judge whether this was a case of copyright violation or, as Judge Sahani ruled, that of a fair use.
The case of copyright infringement was filed in the court in 2012. In September, Justice Endlaw said that, according to Section 52 of the Copyright Act, this instructional use did not amount to copyright infringement. He said, “Copyright, specially (sic) in literary works, is thus not an inevitable, divine, or natural right that confers on authors the absolute ownership of their creations.” Endlaw added, “Copyright is intended to increase and not to impede the harvest of knowledge. It is intended to motivate the creative activity of authors and inventors in order to benefit the public.”
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