A wary China has rushed a high-level delegation led by a vice minister of its communist party (Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng or CCP) to assess the ground situation and avert a vertical split in the ruling Nepal Communist Party. This happened nearly a week after embattled Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli got the House of Representatives dissolved.
Nepal plunged into a political crisis last 20 December after Oli, known for his pro-Beijing leanings, in a surprise move, recommended dissolving the 275-member House, amidst a tussle for power with former prime minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’.
Acting on Prime Minister Oli’s recommendation, President Bidya Devi Bhandari dissolved the House the same day and announced fresh elections on 30 April and 10 May, sparking protests from a large section of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP) led by Prachanda, a co-chair of the ruling party.
China is sending a high-level delegation led by Vice Minister of the International Department of the ruling Communist Party of China (CPC) Guo Yezhou to Kathmandu.
Bishnu Rijal, Deputy Head of Department of Foreign Affairs of the NCP’s Prachanda-led faction, said that the Chinese side has communicated about Gou’s visit to Kathmandu.
“I don’t have much detail to share with you at this point of time,” Rijal said.
The Chinese embassy here did not respond to its multiple calls and messages, the paper said.
Although no specific details about the agenda of the visit are available, senior NCP leaders confirmed that Guo is scheduled to land in Kathmandu on 27 December morning, leading a four-member delegation.
Observers here believe that the visit could be to assess the ground situation in Nepal following the decision of Oli to dissolve the House of Representatives and the rival faction within the NCP taking to the streets, it said.
Citing sources in the ruling party, the paper said during his four-day stay in Kathmandu, the Chinese vice minister is scheduled to meet top leaders of both factions of the party.
The development follows Chinese ambassador in Nepal Hou Yanqi holding a series of meetings with the president and top leaders of the NCP, including Prachanda and Madhav Nepal, who has replaced Oli as chairman of the Prachanda-led faction.
During her meeting with Madhav Nepal on 25 December, Ambassador Hou, who was concerned about the split in the NCP, inquired about the future political course of the ruling party among other things, the paper quoted Rijal as saying.
Hou on 24 December met Prachanda, who claims control over the ruling party after removing Prime Minister Oli from the posts of the party’s parliamentary leader and chair.
She had met the Standing Committee member and former energy minister Barsha Man Pun on 24 December, the paper said.
Hou is meeting with Prachanda came two days after she called on President Bhandari at the latter’s office in Sheetal Niwas on 22 December.
The envoy was said to have discussed the latest political development following the president’s move to dissolve the House of Representatives and announce mid-term elections.
This is not the first time that China has intervened in Nepal’s internal affairs at a time of crisis.
In May, Hou held separate meetings with President Bhandari, the prime minister and other senior NCP leaders, including Prachanda, when Oli was facing mounting pressure to step down.
In July, she again met a number of top leaders, including the president, prime minister, Prachanda, Madhav Kumar Nepal and Jhala Nath Khanal and Bamdev Gautam to save Oli.
A number of political party leaders had termed the Chinese envoy’s series of meetings with the ruling party leaders as interference in Nepal’s internal political affairs.
Dozens of student activists carrying placards with anti-China slogans had staged a demonstration in front of the Chinese Embassy here to protest against Hou’s interference in Nepal’s internal affairs.
China’s political profile in Nepal has been on the rise in the recent years with billions of dollars of investments under Beijing’s multi-billion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), including the building of the Trans-Himalayan Multi-Dimensional Connectivity Network.
Besides the investments, China’s ambassador to Nepal Hou has made open efforts to garner support for Oli.
The Chinese Communist Party and Nepal Communist Party were regularly engaged in training programmes. In September last year, the NCP had even organised a symposium, inviting some leaders from the Chinese Communist Party to Kathmandu to impart training to Nepali leaders on the Xi Jinping Thought ahead of the visit of the Chinese president, his first to Nepal.
In a guarded reaction to the fast-paced political developments in Nepal, India on 24 December said it was an “internal matter” of the neighbouring nation and it was for the country to decide as per its democratic processes.
“We have noted the recent political developments in Nepal. These are internal matters for Nepal to decide as per its democratic processes,” External Affairs Ministry Spokesperson Anurag Srivastava said in New Delhi. “As a neighbour and well-wisher, India will continue to support Nepal and its people in moving forward on the path of peace, prosperity and development,” he said.