Chandrayaan-2 sends photos of unexplored lunar surface

ISRO aimed at landing Chandrayaan-2 on the moon’s south pole to collect information about the geographical environment of the moon, the mineral elements, the outer layer of its atmosphere and the availability of water

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Bengaluru: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said on Monday that the Chandrayaan-2 which is currently orbiting the Moon, has captured some more images of the lunar surface showing several craters.

The ISRO shared photos captured by the lunar spacecraft and said in a statement that the pictures are those of craters — Somerfeld, Jackson, Korolev, Kirkwood, Mach, Hermite, Plaskett, Mitra and Rozhdestvensky — which have been named after great astronomers, scientists and physicists.

Crater Mitra has been named after Indian physicist Professor Sisir Kumar Mitra, who had received the Padma Bhushan for his pioneering work in the field of radio-physics and ionosphere.

The pictures of the lunar surface were taken by the spacecraft on 23 August using the Terrain Mapping Camera-2 from an altitude of about 4,375 km, the space agency reported.

ISRO released the first picture of moon captured by Chandrayaan-2 on 22 August.

A three-module spacecraft, the Chandrayaan-2, comprises of an orbiter, lander and a rover. It was launched on 22 July.

The second lunar bound orbit manoeuvre for Chandrayaan-2 was performed by ISRO on 21 August and all spacecraft parameters were reported to be normal.

Before the lander’s separation from the Orbiter on 2 September, three more orbit manoeuvres will be performed and eventual soft-landing in the south polar region of the moon is planned to take place on 7 September.

ISRO aimed at landing Chandrayaan-2 on the moon’s south pole to collect information about the geographical environment of the moon, the mineral elements, the outer layer of its atmosphere and the availability of water. Under the Mission Moon, Chandrayaan-2 will move about the southern pole of the moon. The US, former USSR and China, which have reached the moon, have not yet stepped on this part of the satellite.

Chandrayaan-2 had successfully entered the lunar orbit on Tuesday morning in a significant milestone that brought India closer to joining select nations that have explored the moon. ISRO Chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan had earlier described this event as a major challenge.