Authorities in the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia are on high alert after a suspected case of bubonic plague, the disease that caused the Black Death pandemic, was reported Sunday.
The case was discovered in the city of Bayannur, located northwest of Beijing, news agency said. A hospital alerted municipal authorities of the patient’s case on Saturday. By Sunday, local authorities had issued a citywide Level 3 warning for plague prevention, the second lowest in a four-level system.
In Bubonic Plague, patients develop sudden onset of fever, headache, chills, and weakness and one or more swollen, tender and painful lymph nodes (called buboes). This form is usually the result of an infected flea bite. The bacteria multiply in the lymph node closest to where the bacteria entered the human body. If the patient is not treated with appropriate antibiotics, the bacteria can spread to other parts of the body.
The bubonic plague is caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It can spread through contact with infected fleas. Usually, people infected with plague have flu-like symptoms two to three days after infection. The survivors called it the Great Pestilence. Victorian scientists dubbed it the Black Death.
Symptoms of bubonic plague include:
Sudden onset of fever and chills
Individuals may also develop painful swollen lymph glands, called buboes – which are about the size of a chicken egg and situated in the armpit, groin, or neck. Perhaps, the buboes are what give the disease – bubonic plague – its name.
What causes bubonic plague and how does it spread?
The bubonic plague is a bacterial infection – caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It can spread through contact with infected fleas. The infection is usually contracted when an infected rodent or flea bites you. You can get bubonic plague through direct contact with an infected animal or person by eating an infected animal.
Bubonic plague is treated using strong and effective antibiotics. If a person is suspected to have been infected with the plague, he or she will be required to be admitted to a hospital for treatment. Bubonic plague, if caught and treated early, is a treatable disease. However, with no treatment, the infection can multiply in the bloodstream or in the lungs, which can result in death within 24 hours after the appearance of the first symptoms, as per a report in Healthline.
While there’s no effective vaccine available, there are ways that can help prevent or reduce your risk of being exposed to plague. You may consider taking the following precautions especially if you live in a region where plague occurs:
The Chinese city of Bayan Nur has reported a case of Bubonic Plague. The patient is a local farmer who was found infected on Sunday. Strict epidemic control and prevention measures have been implemented by the local authorities. The patient is being treated in local isolation and is reportedly in stable condition.
The official website of the city’s health authorities has announced that there is a risk of transmission of the plague among humans. Local residents have been asked to strictly follow control measures. Illegal hunting, eating or carrying animals out of the area has been prohibited. Residents have been asked to report any ill or dead animals in their proximity. Any animals showing signs of fever must be reported. Level 3 early warning took effect Sunday and is likely to be imposed till the end of the year.