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Tuesday 7 July 2020

Bofors: CBI challenges quashing of case after 12 years

New Delhi: The CBI on Friday filed a petition in the Supreme Court challenging a 2005 order of the Delhi High Court quashing all charges against accused persons in the politically-sensitive Bofors pay-off case.

The filing of the appeal assumes significance as Attorney General K K Venugopal had recently advised the agency against moving a petition against the high court verdict after a delay of 12 years.

Sources, however, said that after consultations, law officers were in favour of the appeal as the CBI came out with “some important documents and evidence” to challenge the high court order.

The agency swung into action after the Attorney General orally gave it the go-ahead to file the appeal in the case in which it has cited the October 2017 interview of private detective Michael Hershman, who alleged that the then Rajiv Gandhi-led Congress government had sabotaged his investigation.

Hershman, who is the president of the US-based private detective firm Fairfax, had claimed in television interviews that Rajiv Gandhi was “furious” when he had found a Swiss bank account “Mont Blanc”.

He had also alleged that the bribe money of the Bofors gun scandal had been parked in the Swiss account.

Sources said that the CBI in its appeal stated that further investigation was necessary for a view of the reports relating to Hershman’s interviews.

Further, in the petition, the agency said that the high court erred in quashing the case by ignoring the evidence it collected through letters rogatory from a foreign country which was to be dealt by the trial court.

It said the high court quashed the proceedings in an arbitrary manner saying that the documentary evidence obtained by the CBI from authorities in Sweden were “neither available in original nor as duly authenticated copies”.

The Central Bureau of Investigation filed the appeal against the 31 May 2005, the decision of the high court by which all accused, including Europe-based industrialists Hinduja brothers, were discharged from the Rs 64-crore pay-off case.

The agency will urge the apex court to condone the delay in filing the appeal by contending that “crime never dies and lapse of time should not come in the way to proceed against offenders howsoever powerful they may be”.

Earlier, the Attorney General had advised the CBI to make out a case as a respondent in the petition filed by BJP leader Ajay Agarwal, who had challenged the 2005 high court order after the agency had failed to file a special leave petition (appeal) within the mandatory limitation period of 90 days.

Agrawal, who contested the 2014 Lok Sabha election from Rae Bareli against the then Congress president Sonia Gandhi, has been pursuing the case for over a decade in the apex court which on the last hearing on 16 January had asked him to prove his locus in the case as a third party.

The CBI in the case was represented by Additional Solicitor General Maninder Singh.

During the brief hearing on 1 December 2016, the agency had told the apex court that the authorities had not permitted it to immediately file an appeal against the 31 May 2005 verdict.

The appeal, sources said has mentioned that the permission not granted by the UPA-1 government in 2005 to move the apex court “jeopardised national and public interest” as “perpetrators are yet to be brought to book”.

Sources said the agency has considered the views of investigating officers associated with the case since 1986.

After the high court had quashed the case, they had studied the judgement and gave a “unanimous recommendation” that “an SLP should be filed in the Supreme Court to set aside the 31 May 2005 order of the high court”.

The investigating officers were of the opinion that a prayer should be made in the apex court for “restoration of the case from the point immediately after the framing of charges in the trial court (26 March 2004)”.

In the SLP, an advocate of the Centre, closely associated with the case, said the CBI has also raised objections to a “superfluous remark” of Justice RS Sodhi (since retired) who while quashing the case said that the investigation had caused the exchequer nearly Rs 250 crore.

However, later on, an RTI application filed by Agrawal, the CBI had said that it had spent nearly Rs 5 crore on an investigation in the Bofors case.

Justice Sodhi (since retired) of the Delhi High Court on May 31, 2005, had quashed the CBI case in the Bofors payoff scam.

Before this, another judge of the high court, retired Justice JD Kapoor, had on 4 February 2004, exonerated late prime minister Rajiv Gandhi in the case and directed the framing of charge of forgery under section 465 of the Indian Penal Code against Bofors company.

The Rs 1,437-crore deal between India and Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors for the supply of 400 155mm howitzer guns for the Indian Army was entered into on 24 March 1986.

Swedish Radio on 16 April 1987, had claimed that the company had paid bribes to top Indian politicians and defence personnel.

The CBI on 22 January 1990 had registered the FIR for alleged offences of criminal conspiracy, cheating and forgery under the IPC and other sections of the Prevention of Corruption Act against Martin Ardbo, the then president of AB Bofors, alleged middleman Win Chadda and the Hinduja brothers.

It had alleged that certain public servants and private persons in India and abroad had entered into a criminal conspiracy between 1982 and 1987 in pursuance of which the offences of bribery, corruption, cheating and forgery were committed.

The first charge sheet in the case was filed on 22 October 1999, against Chadda, Ottavio Quattrocchi, the then defence secretary SK Bhatnagar, Ardbo and the Bofors company.

A supplementary charge sheet was filed against the Hinduja brothers — SP Hinduja, GP Hinduja and PP Hinduja — on 9 October 2000.

A special CBI court in Delhi on 4 March 2011, had discharged Quattrocchi from the case saying the country could not afford to spend hard-earned money on his extradition which had already cost Rs 250 crore.

Quattrocchi, who had fled from here on 29-30 July 1993, never appeared before any court in India to face prosecution. He passed away on 13 July 2013. The other accused persons who died are Bhatnagar, Chadda and Ardbo.


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