New Delhi: West Bengal is the only State that has not participated in the Centre’s cleanliness survey called the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARS) 2018-19. A senior government official gave this information on Wednesday.
The Trinamool Congress-governed West Bengal had not participated in the nationwide sanitation survey even in 2017.
The official said, “Today the results of the cleanliness survey declared. The whole country was anxiously awaiting the results. West Bengal is the only State which has not participated in it. ”
For the third consecutive year, Indore got the title of India’s cleanest city.
Ambikapur in Chhattisgarh second place and Mysore of Karnataka in the third place.
Indore achieved the cleanest city status of 4,237 cities.
Sirf News had carried a report on 5 March that showed that in 2013, 43.295% of Indians defecated in the open; after five years of Narendra Modi rule, just 7% are yet to have toilets while 96.5% of those who have the facility use it.
#SwachhSurvekshan trended for a long time on Twitter after the survey results were published.
4237 cities assessed in the recent #SwachhSurvekshan 2019; it felt India has become clean but a lot more still has to be done. This is not enough. Congratulations to the winning cities; to cities who were not acknowledged – please do not stop what you have started. pic.twitter.com/wZ1lxCFiHL
— Swati Sambyal (@swatissambyal) March 6, 2019
— ? SATISH ? (@satishkhanod) March 6, 2019
— Radio City (@radiocityindia) March 6, 2019
Is the condition of sanitation in Bengal otherwise okay?
A study by Shyamal Kumar Jana and Pradip K Bhowmick published in September 2018 said, “In West Bengal… nearly 88% of the rural population still defecate in the open (Census of India – 1991)… Under the circumstances, the task of implementing a sanitation programme is not an easy one. Because more than changing habits, the challenge lies in changing mindsets of the people concerned.”
“The present study conducted among the tribal people of Midnapore district in West Bengal through primary and secondary data,” Jana and Bhowmick wrote, “finds that the majority of the tribal people are unaware of about the concept of proper sanitation and safe drinking water.”
“The analysis has also revealed that the respondents belonging to general higher caste groups are better aware of the personal hygiene and environmental sanitation and safe drinking water than the tribal people,” the study said, concluding, “That is why the higher caste people, who happened to be better off, both educationally and economically, are better aware of the significance of personal hygiene and environmental sanitation and safe drinking water.” [Jana, Shyamal & K Bhowmick, Pradip. (2003). Rural Sanitation Programme and Tribal Health: A Study in the District of Midnapore, West Bengal. The Oriental Anthropologist, Allahabad, India. 3. 74-87]