New Delhi: Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH Shripad Yesso Naik informed fellow parliamentarians yesterday in the Lok Sabha all the measures his ministry is taking to fight vector-borne diseases. To begin with, the ministry has developed AYUSH-PJ7 for dengue, AYUSH-SL for filariasis, and AYUSH 64 for malaria by CCRAS.
The ministry conducted a treatment study for dengue, preventive study for chikungunya, preventive, pre-clinical and treatment study for Japanese encephalitis and malaria, and a multi-centric study for filariasis by CCRH.
It has further conducted clinical studies on vector-borne diseases such as malaria, filariasis and kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis). It has also instituted a validation process to ascertain the efficacy of Unani formulations in such disease conditions.
AYUSH has also conducted a prospective case-control study in dengue with Nilavembu kudineer, a poly-herbal formula that controls all types of fever associated with body ache.
The ministry has held in vitro and in vivo evaluations of the therapeutic potential of various Siddha drugs on H1N1 infection and chikungunya virus infection.
[dropcap]T[/dropcap]he minister also informed Parliament that a total of 297 Ayurveda, 19 naturopathy and yoga, 46 Unani, 9 Siddha and 197 homoeopathy colleges were imparting medical education at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in AYUSH. 123 Ayurveda, 12 unani, 3 Siddha and 43 homoeopathy colleges are imparting medical education at postgraduate levels. Research in the form of postgraduate theses is also undertaken by PG scholars. The courses offered by these institutes cover aspects across various disciplines.
Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani institutions are regulated by a Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) constituted under the Indian Medicine Central Council (IMCC) Act, 1970. Similarly, Homoeopathy institutes are regulated by a Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH) constituted under the Homoeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973. There is no Central body to regulate naturopathy and yoga institutes.
The number of students taking up education in AYUSH institutes at the undergraduate level is 34,541 (17202 Ayurveda, 940 naturopathy and yoga, 2,321 Unani, 420 Siddha and 13,658 homoeopathy) and postgraduate level is 4,923 (3,646 ayurveda, 45 naturopathy and yoga, 174 Unani, 140 Siddha and 918 homoeopathy).
Provisions for increase in the intake of students are defined in the regulations namely
- The Establishment of New Medical College, Opening of New or Higher Course of Study or Training and Increase of Admission Capacity by a Medical College Regulations, 2003 read with amendment Regulations of 2013 (for ASU) &
- The Establishment of New Medical College (Opening of New or Higher Course of Study or Training and Increase of Admission Capacity by a Medical College) Regulations, 2011 (for Homoeopathy)
Institutes are applying for these courses under these regulations every year. After examining the recommendation or report of the CCIM/CCH, the central government issues them letters of intent and letters of permission. The government is also raising awareness among students and encouraging them through general IEC activities like Arogya Mela, exhibitions, campaign etc.
The Central Government has further taken steps to promote education on AYUSH system in the country by approving the regulations for the colleges and notified by the Central Council of Indian Medicine and Central Council of Homoeopathy.
The ministry has established 2 new institutes namely the All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, for postgraduate education and the North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Homoeopathy, Shillong, for undergraduate education in ayurveda and homoeopathy.
Furthermore, the ministry has granted permission to start postgraduate courses in 2 research institutes of Unani namely
- the Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine (RRIUM), Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir and
- the Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), Hyderabad, Telangana.
The assistance given by the government under the component of Development of AYUSH Institutions of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) is facilitating improvement in infrastructure in AYUSH Colleges and attached Hospitals and thereby improving the quality of existing educational institutions.
To promote higher education in the AYUSH systems, the central sector scheme of international cooperation has a component under which international scholarship or fellowships in the field are offered in premier institutes and colleges in India.