New Delhi: The Union government has extended the National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM) to all the 4,041 statutory urban local bodies in the country. The NULM is now renamed as ‘Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-NULM’ and in Hindi as ‘Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana-Rashtriya Shahri Aajeevika Mission’.
The mission seeks to enhance the employment opportunities and incomes of the urban poor through skill development and training, setting up of individual and group micro-enterprises, formation of self-help groups, building shelters for homeless, supporting street vendors in creating infrastructure, innovative support to rag pickers, differently abled etc.
The NULM, introduced in 2013, is being presently implemented in only 791 cities across the country covering all district headquarters and cities and towns with a population of above one lakh each. Now all the States and Union Territories have been empowered to implement DAY-NULM in all the remaining 3,250 statutory urban local bodies even if they have a population of less than one lakh each.
In Tamil Nadu, the highest number of 681 towns will now be covered under DAY-NULM while at present only 40 cities are implementing this pro-poor scheme. This is followed by Uttar Pradesh – 566/82, Madhya Pradesh – 310/54, Maharashtra – 213/53, Karnataka – 186/34, Gujarat – 160/35, Rajasthan – 145/40, Chattisgarh – 140/28, Punjab – 118/25, Bihar – 97/42, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana – 78/47, Odisha – 74/33, West Bengal – 66/63, Jammu & Kashmir – 64/22, Uttarakhand – 58/16, Haryana – 58/22, Himachal Pradesh – 46/10, Kerala – 45/14 and in Goa 12 new towns will be covered as against only two towns at present.
In the North-Eastern States, 130 new towns will be included in the implementation of DAY-NULM as against 88 towns at present. Among the Union Territories, one more town will be covered in Puducherry.
In all, DAY-NULM will benefit the urban poor in 1,505 new towns in the north, 991 towns in the south, 375 in the west, 249 in the east and 130 more towns in the Northeast.
In another modification of the existing scheme of NULM wherein the implementing cities are required to implement all the components of the scheme, new towns to be covered can implement any one are a combination of the components.
Under the ‘Employment through Skill Training and Placement’ component of DAY-NULM, an expenditure of Rs 15,000 per person is allowed on training of urban poor which is Rs 18,000 in the Northeast and Jammu & Kashmir. Under revised norms, the cost of training has been increased by 5%.
Under ‘Social Mobilisation and Institution Development’ through the formation of self-help groups for training members and hand holding, an initial support of Rs.10,000 is given for each group. For registered area-level federations of such groups, a financial assistance of Rs 50,000 is provided.
Urban poor are also assisted with interest subsidy of 5%-7% for setting up individual micr-enterprises with a loan of up to Rs 2 lakh and for group enterprises with a loan limit of up to Rs 10 lakhs.
The cost of construction of shelters for urban homeless is fully funded under the Scheme with each such shelter accommodating at least 50 homeless is funded under DAY-NULM.
The other means of helping the urban poor is through setting up of infrastructure for street vendors and innovative and special projects for rag pickers, differently abled persons etc.