In his closed door address to the East Asia Summit, which among others was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Trump told leaders to address four security challenges, North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes; unresolved disputes in the South China Sea; terrorism and several humanitarian crises to achieve the goal of a free and open Indo-Pacific region, where strong, sovereign and independent nations control their own destinies.
Observing that North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes threaten the entire world, he called on all nations to join the US in ensuring the complete, verifiable, and total denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.
“We must continue to implement UN Security Council sanctions, cut off all ties of trade and commerce, end all guest worker flows, and curtail diplomatic ties,” he said.
A rogue regime that threatens the world with nuclear devastation has no place in our community of sovereign nations, including in the ASEAN regional forum, Trump said.
He said ensuring regional security will also require all nations to respect freedom of navigation and overflight, and other lawful uses of the sea.
“I remain concerned about China’s efforts to build and militarise outposts in the South China Sea. The United States supports the peaceful resolution of all territorial disputes,” Trump said in his remarks.
The US is closely monitoring the spread of extremism in the Southeast Asia and the growing threat from terrorist groups, including those affiliated with ISIS, he said.
“As ISIS loses ground in the battlefield, we must remain vigilant about the threat posed by returning foreign fighters and terrorist operatives within our borders, and seeking to cross our borders,” he told the world leaders.
“All nations must deny terrorists financing, territory, and any form of ideological backing,” Trump said in his speech, which could have a direct implication on Pakistan.
Trump concluded his speech by discussing the issue of Rohingya Muslims.
“In Myanmar’s northern Rahkine State, at least 600,000 people have fled their homes following attacks by vigilantes and security forces,” he said.
Trump said the US supported efforts to end the violence, to ensure accountability for atrocities committed, and to facilitate the safe and voluntary return of the refugees.
“We welcome the commitments by the government of Myanmar, and we are ready to support the implementation of the Rahkine recommendations,” he said.
Trump said the US also remained deeply concerned about the use of chemical weapons by state and non-state actors.
“This year, we have tragically seen chemical weapons used by the Syrian regime and by North Korea at the Kuala Lumpur airport. Through our actions and our words, the United States has made clear that we will not tolerate the use of these horrific weapons,” he said.