A survey conducted by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has revealed that 30 cities located in India might face acute water risks by 2050. The survey, which was released on 2 November, said that water risks can be averted if urgent and concrete steps are taken to battle climate change.
The survey, WWF Water Risk Filter, stated that 100 cities might face the biggest water risks by the next 30 years. As many as 30 cities in India were named in the list of cities that are likely to reel under water risks. The high-risk areas mentioned in the survey were Delhi, Jaipur, Indore, Amritsar, Pune, Srinagar, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kozhikode and Vishakhapatnam.
The report suggests that the Smart Cities initiative in India could aid an integrated urban water management framework. It further suggests that a multi-stakeholder engagement and ownership involving local communities will play a key role in creating and conserving a sustainable water infrastructure and rejuvenating urban freshwater systems.
Methods like wetland conservation crucial
The study said that urban planning and wetland conservation are some of the steps that can be taken to ensure that freshwater systems in India are intact. The survey further revealed that while concrete steps need to be taken to conserve water, reducing water consumption is another facet that needs to be focused on.
Over the last few years, several cities in the country have struggled with water crisis, media reported. From Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu, states have been struggling to meet their water needs due to depletion of the groundwater table, lack of infrastructure and climate change.
Sejal Worah, programme director, WWF India said, “The future of India’s environment lies in its cities. As India rapidly urbanizes, cities will be at the forefront both for India’s growth and for sustainability. For cities to break away from the current vicious loop of flooding and water scarcity, nature-based solutions like restoration of urban watersheds and wetlands could offer solutions. This is our chance to re-evolve and re-imagine what the future of the cities could be.”