March

New Delhi: Several important events in the history of the country and the world are registered against the date 23 March. But the hanging of Bhagat Singh and his companions Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar is what relates to Indian history the most as far as this day is concerned.

During the Indian independence movement in 1931, revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged on this day with the culmination and execution of a farcical trial, the proceedings of which made news headlines nationwide.

Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were sentenced to death in the Lahore conspiracy case. They were sentenced to be hanged on 24 March 1931. But the schedule was moved forward by 11 hours — for the British government feared an uprising in Punjab on the day of the execution — and the three were hanged on 23 March 1931 at 7:30 PM in the Lahore jail.

No magistrate agreed to supervise Singh’s hanging as was required by law. Instead, an honorary judge supervised the execution. He signed the three death warrants too, as their original warrants had lapsed.

The jail authorities made a hole in the rear wall of the jail, removed the bodies, and secretly cremated the three revolutionaries under the cover of darkness outside Ganda Singh Wala village. They disposed of the ashes of into the Sutlej river, about 10 km from Ferozepore.

Other events of 23 March

1880: Birth of Indian freedom fighter Basanti Devi
1910: Ram Manohar Lohia, freedom fighter, freedom fighter and socialist politician was born.
1956: Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic of the world.
1996: The first direct presidential election was held in Taiwan, in which Lee became the Tenggit President.